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قانون اساسی ایران سند چشم انداز 20 ساله سیاستهای کلی نظام ارسال مقاله

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مصوبات هيات وزيران- تاريخ انتشار روزنامه رسمي: 28/06/1390 - تاريخ تصويب: 30/7/1390 شماره ثبت روزنامه رسمي : 19383

فهرست واژه‌ها بر اساس حوزه به ترتيب الفباي لاتيني

اقيانوس‌شناسي


abyssal hill province                           ايالت تپه‌مغاكي
abyssal storm                                         توفان مغاكي
archipelago1                                         درياي پُرجزيره
archipelago2                                           مجمع‌الجزاير
Arctic archipelago                     مجمع‌الجزاير شمالگاني
astronomic(al) tide                                كِشَند نجومي
atoll                                                           خوست    
barrier flat                                                 كفة سدي
barrier reef                                            آبسنگ سدي
biogenic sediment→ biogenous sediment
biogenous sediment                           رسوب زيست‌زاد
syn. biogenic sediment
black smoker                                         دودكش سياه
circular orbital motion                           حركت مداري دايره‌اي             
coastline                                                     خط كناره
coral                                                               مرجان
coral reef                                             آبسنگ مرجاني
cosmogenous sediment                      رسوب كيهان‌زاد
decay distance                                         مسافت اُفت
deep - ocean basin                          حوضة ژرف‌اقيانوس
deep - sea basin                                   حوضة ژرف‌‌دريا
diurnal tide                                             كِشَند روزانه
drift bottle                                              بطري رانه‌اي
syn. floater
drowned atoll                                          غرقه‌خوست
elliptical orbital motion              حركت مداري بيضوي
floater → drift bottle
freeze separation                              جدايش انجمادي
fringing reef                                      آبسنگ حاشيه‌اي
syn. shore reef
Galapagos rift                                   كافت گالاپاگوس
guyot                                                                 فينه
syn. tablemount
hard stabilisation  /  hard stabilization                  پايدارساز ساحلي
height of tide                                           ارتفاع كِشَند
lithogenous sediment                         رسوب سنگ‌زاد
lunar day                                                    روز قمري
lunar tidal bulge                              كوهان ماه‌كِشَندي
lunar tide                                                     ماه‌كِشَند
lunisolar tide                                          ماه‌خوركِشَند
mean rise of tide                            ميانگين خيز كِشَند
meteorological tide                          كِشَند هواشناختي
neritic province                                       ايالت پايابي
oceanic province                                  ايالت اقيانوسي
province                                                           ايالت
range of tide → tide range
reef                                                                 آبسنگ
rise of tide                                                 خيز كِشَند
syn. tidal rise
semidiurnal tide                                 كِشَند نيم‌روزانه
sequence of tide                                       توالي كِشَند
shoreline                                                     خط كرانه
shore reef → fringing reef
solar tidal bulge                             كوهان خوركِشَندي
solar tide                                                    خوركِشَند
tablemount → guyot                             اقيانوس‌شناسي ـ باستان‌شناسي
tidal basin                                            حوضة كِشَندي
tidal bore                                               اُشتُرك كِشَند
tidal bulge                                            كوهان كِشَندي
tidal cycle → tide cycle
tidal day                                                   روز كِشَندي
tidal energy                                             انرژي كِشَند
tidal frequency                                       بسامد كِشَند
tidal period                        دورة تناوب كِشَند، دورة كِشَند
tidal pool                                            حوضچة كِشَندي
syn. tide pool
tidal potential                                    پتانسيل كِشَندي
tidal range → tide range
tidal rise → rise of tide
tidal wave → tide wave
tide amplitude                                         دامنة كِشَند
tide cycle                                                 چرخة كِشَند
syn. tidal cycle
tide - generating force                         نيروي كِشَندزا
syn. tide-producing force
tide pool / tidepool → tidal pool
tide - producing force → tide-generating force
tide range                                               گسترة كِشَند
syn. range of tide, tidal range
tide wave                                                موج كِشَندي
syn. tidal wave
white smoker                                        دودكش سفيد
wind setup → wind tide
wind tide                                                   باد‌كِشَند  
syn. wind setup



باستان‌شناسي


accompanied burial                               گور توشه‌دار
aerial burial → surface disposal
anthropomorphic coffin                 تابوت انسان‌ريخت
anthropomorphic sarcophagus      تابوت‌دان انسان‌ريخت
aquatic disposal                                         آب‌سپاري
syn. water burial, fluvial funeral,river burial
articulated burial                                    گور بسامان
syn. proper burial, formal burial
articulated fragment → semi-articulated burial
artificial heat decomposition → cremation
astudan   /  astodan                                     استودان
syn. astodan
backwards flexed burial   → reversed knee flexed burial
barrow                                                            گورتل
barrow cemetery                                         گورتلان
syn. barrow field
barrow field → barrow cemetery
bathtub coffin                                         تابوت لاوكي
beehive tomb → tholos tomb
bier                                                              زيرتابوتي
boat burial                                             تدفين زورقي
syn. ship burial, boat grave
boat grave → boat burial
body orientation                                     راستاي بدن
body plug                                                     تن‌بَست
bone scatter burial → disarticulated burial
bone tumbled burial → disarticulated burial
bunched burial → disarticulated burial
bundle burial                                        تدفين بنديلي
burial1                                             تدفين، خاك‌سپاري
syn. inhumation, interment
burial 2 → grave
burial 3 → disposal
burial chamber                                        گورخانه   
burial chest                                         صندوق تدفيني
burial cloth → grave- cloth
burial cult → funerary cult
burial goods → grave goods
burial ground                                              تدفينگاه
burial layer                                                   گورلايه
syn. burial level
burial level → burial layer
burial marker → grave marker
burial mask → death mask
burial mound                                           گورتپه    
syn. grave mound
burial of parts → semi-articulated burial
burial orientation                                 راستاي تدفين
syn. skeletal orientation
burial population                         جامعة آماري تدفيني
burial position                                        حالت تدفين
syn. funeral position, skeletal position
burial pot → cinerary vessel
burial site                                            محوطة تدفيني
syn. grave site
burial urn → cinerary vessel                             باستان‌شناسي
burial vault                                                 گور تاقي
cairn                                                          سنگ‌چين
syn. clearance cairn
cairnfield                                         محوطة سنگ‌چين
casket                                                           جاتابوتي
casual burial → haphazard burial
catacomb                                                     گورآهون
syn. catacomb grave
catacomb grave → catacomb
Catacomb Grave culture                فرهنگ گورآهوني
cemetery                                                      گورستان
cenotaph                                                       تهي‌گور
chambered tomb / chamber tomb
                                           آرامگاه حجره‌اي
chariot burial                                    تدفين گردونه‌اي
syn. wagon burial
charnel → charnel house
charnel house                                             مرده‌خانه
syn. charnel
cinerarium                                              خاكسترخانه
cinerary urn → cinerary vessel
cinerary vessel                                         خاكستردان
syn. burial urn, funerary urn, funeral
urn, cremation urn, cinerary urn, burial pot
cist → cist grave
cist grave                                                گور صندوقي
syn. cist tomb, cist
cist tomb → cist grave
clearance cairn → cairn                           باستان‌شناسي
closely - flexed burial → tightly-flexed burial
coffin                                                               تابوت
coffin fastener                                          بَست تابوت
coffin fitting                                              يراق تابوت
coffin lid                                                      در تابوت
coffin mask                                                تابوت‌‌نقاب
coffin text                                                 تابوت‌نبشته
collective burial → multiple burial
collective tomb → multiple burial
columbarium                                      گور لانه‌كبوتري
complete inhumation → primary burial
compound disposal                    واسپارش چندمرحله‌اي
consecutive multiple burial       تدفين چندتايي ناهم‌زمان
container orientation                          راستاي نَساآوند
contemporary multiple burial                       تدفين چندتايي هم‌زمان
contracted burial                            تدفين چمباتمه‌اي
syn. squatting burial
corn mummy                                           غله‌موميايي
corporeal relics                                          تن‌يادگاره
cremation                                                 آتش‌سپاري
syn. incremation, incineration, artificial
heat decomposition
cremation cemetery                            آتش‌سپارستان
syn. urnfield
cremation pit                                     چال آتش‌سپاري
cremation urn → cinerary vessel
crematorium → crematory
crematory                                               آتش‌سپارگاه
syn. crematorium
crouched burial → fetal burial
cruciform chamber                            آرامگاه چليپايي
crypt                                                                گورابه
dakhma / dokhma                                        دخمه
death mask                                                 مرده‌نقاب
syn. funerary mask, burial mask
decarnation → excarnation
defleshing → excarnation
developed passage grave                       گور دالان‌دار بزرگ              
disarrangement position  burial    → haphazard burial
disarticulated burial                              گور نابسامان
syn. bone scatter burial, bone tumbled
burial, tumbled bone burial, disordered burial, dismantled burial,
bunched burial
dismantled burial → disarticulated burial
disordered burial → disarticulated burial
disposal                                                              واسپارش 
syn. burial3
disturbed burial                                        گور آشفته
double burial                                         تدفين دوتايي
earth burial → surface disposal
effigy                                                           گورپيكره
embryonic burial → tightly-flexed burial
epitaph                                                      گورنبشته 
excarnation                                             گوشت‌زدايي
syn. decarnation, flesh picking,skeletalization, mechanical
defleshing, defleshing
extended burial                                   تدفين درازكش
syn. lightly flexed burial, extention burial
extention burial → extended burial
extreme hocker burial → tightly-flexed burial
face orientation                                        سوي چهره
syn. facing
facing → face orientation
false extended burial → rearticulated burial
fetal burial                                            تدفين جنيني
syn. crouched burial
flat grave                                                        لته‌گور
fleshed burial → primary burial
flesh picking → excarnation
flexed burial                                          تدفين خميده
syn. seated burial, sitting burial, folded
burial, loosed flexure burial
flung burial → haphazard burial
fluvial funeral → aquatic disposal
focal grave                                           گورهاي كانوني
folded burial → flexed burial
footstone                                                        پاسنگ
formal burial → articulated burial
fragmentary burial                             تدفين چندپاره
fully  -  flexed burial → tightly-flexed burial
funeral                                                   مراسم تشييع
funeral pile → funeral pyre
funeral position → burial position
funeral pyre                                      هيمة آتش‌سپاري
syn. funeral pile
funeral urn → cinerary vessel
funerary cones                                مخروطهاي تدفيني
funerary cult                                          آيين آمرزش
syn. burial cult
funerary mask → death mask
funerary monument                            يادمان تدفيني
funerary offering                         پيشكش‌هاي تدفيني
funerary texts                                        متون تدفيني
funerary urn → cinerary vessel
gently flexed burial → semi-flexed burial
grave                                                                  گور
   syn. burial2
grave  -   cloth                                             گورجامه
syn. burial cloth
grave cover                                                  گورپوش
syn. grave slab
grave culture → kurgan culture
grave field                                                  گورميدان
grave goods / grave  -  goods                      گورنهاده
syn. burial goods
grave marker                                           گورنشان  
syn. burial marker
grave mound → burial mound
grave orientation                                     راستاي گور
grave site → burial site
grave slab → grave cover
gravestone                                                   سنگِ‌قبر
syn. tombstone
graveyard                                                   مزارستان
half flexed burial → semi-flexed burial
haphazard burial                                        تدفين ديمي
syn. flung burial, casual burial,disarrangement position burial
head orientation                                    خميدگي سر
headstone                                                     سرسنگ
immurement                                                لادبَست
syn. wall burial
incineration → cremation
incremation → cremation
inhumation → burial1
interment → burial1
intombment → primary burial
jar burial                                             تدفين خمره‌اي
syn. pithos burial
knee extended burial                             تدفين زانوباز
knee flexed burial                             تدفين زانو‌خميده
kneeling burial → reversed knee flexed burial
knee semi - flexed burial              تدفين زانونيم‌خميده
knee tightly flexed burial               تدفين زانوتمام‌خميده
kurgan                                                          گورخان
Kurgan culture                                 فرهنگ گورخاني
syn. grave culture
layer                                                                   لايه
syn. level2, strata
ledger → ledger stone
ledger stone                                               گورسنگ
syn. ledger
level1                                                          لايگان    
level2 → layer
lightly flexed burial → extended burial
loosed flexure burial → flexed burial
loosely flexed burial → semi-flexed burial
mass burial                                            تدفين جمعي
mass grave                                                گور جمعي
mausoleum                                           آرامگاه يادماني
mechanical defleshing → excarnation
mixed cemetery                             گورستان چندآييني
mixed - sex burial                             تدفين ناهم‌جنس
monoxylous coffin→ tree-trunk coffin
mortuary analysis                                تحليل تدفيني
mortuary cult                                        سوگ‌پيشگان
mortuary custom                                    سنت تدفين
mortuary enclosure                                      گورمان
mortuary house                                            گورلان
mortuary practice                                  روش تدفين
mortuary priest                                             گوربان
mortuary rite → mortuary ritual
mortuary ritual                                       آيين تدفين
syn. mortuary rite
multi  -  chambered tomb               آرامگاه چندحجره‌اي          
multiple burial                                    تدفين چندتايي
syn. collective burial, collective tomb
multiple grave                                       گور چندتايي
multiple passage grave          گور دالان‌دار چندحجره‌اي
mummification                                    موميايي كردن
mummy                                                        موميايي
mummy label                                    برچسب موميايي
mummy mask                                        موميايي‌نقاب
syn. mummy portrait
mummy portrait → mummy mask
mutilated burial → partial articulated burial
namestone                                                 نام‌سنگ 
necropolis                                               شهر مردگان
open flexure burial → semi-flexed burial
ossuary                                                   استخوان‌خانه
syn. osteotheke
ossuary cave                                            استخوان‌غار
osteotheke → ossuary
partial articulated burial                   گور پاره‌بسامان
syn. mutilated burial
partial burial                                         تدفين بخشي
passage grave                                         گور دالان‌دار
syn. passage tomb
passage tomb → passage grave
peristalith                                                 حصارسنگ
pit grave                                                       گورچال
Pit - Grave culture / Pit Grave culture                     فرهنگ گورچالي
syn. Yamnaya culture
pithos burial → jar burial
placed bone burial → rearticulated burial
plank coffin                                          تابوت تخته‌اي
platform burial                                    تدفين سكويي
platform tomb                                     آرامگاه سكويي
post - cremation burial                بازتدفين آتش‌سپرده
syn. secondary cremation
premature burial                             تدفين پيش‌هنگام
primary burial                                        تدفين اوليه
syn. primary inhumation, simple burial,complete inhumation, fleshed
burial, intombment
primary cremation                         آتش‌سپاري در گور
primary inhumation → primary burial
prone burial                                              تدفين دَمَر
proper burial → articulated burial
prostrate burial → reversed knee flexed burial
provisional burial → temporary burial
public image → social persona
rearticulated burial                              گور بازبسامان
syn. false extended burial, placed bone
burial
reburial                                                       بازتدفين
relic                                                                يادگاره
reliquary                                                   دُرج‌يادگاره
reserve head                                       سرديس تدفيني
reversed knee flexed burial            تدفين زانوبرگشته
syn. backwards flexed burial, kneeling
burial, semi-extended burial, prostrate  burial
ring barrow → ring cairn
ring cairn                                        سنگ‌چين حلقه‌اي
syn. ring barrow
river burial → aquatic disposal
rock  -  cut tomb                   آرامگاه صخره‌اي، گوردخمه
syn. sepulture
round barrow → tumulus
Royal Cemetery                                  گورستان شاهي
same - sex burial                                تدفين هم‌جنس
sarcophagus                                                تابوت‌دان
satellite burials                                تدفين‌هاي اقماري
scaffold burial                                     تدفين داربستي
syn. scaffold grave, tree burial
scaffold grave → scaffold burial
seated burial → flexed burial
secondary burial1                                  تدفين پسين
secondary burial2                                   تدفين ثانويه
syn. secondary inhumation, second burial,second funeral
secondary cremation → post-cremation burial
secondary inhumation → secondary burial2
secondary relics                                          وَريادگاره
second burial → secondary burial2
second funeral → secondary burial2
segmented cist                                     گور چندبخشي
semi - articulated burial                     گور نيم‌بسامان
syn. articulated fragment, burial of parts
semi - crouched burial → semi-flexed burial
semi - extended burial   → reversed knee flexed burial
semi -  flexed burial                         تدفين نيم‌خميده
syn. gently flexed burial, lossely flexed
burial, semi-crouched burial, half
flexed burial, slight hocker burial, open flexure burial
sepulture → rock-cut tomb
shaft – and - chambered tomb     آرامگاه حجره‌اي چاهي
shaft grave                                                 گور چاهي
syn. shaft tomb
shaft tomb → shaft grave
sharply - flexed burial → tightly-flexed burial
ship burial → boat burial
simple burial → primary burial
simple disposal                                واسپارش تك‌مرحله‌اي
simple passage grave                    گور دالان‌دار كوچك
single burial                                             تدفين تكي
single chambered tomb                 آرامگاه تك‌حجره‌اي
sitting burial → flexed burial
skeletalization → excarnation
skeletal orientation → burial orientation
skeletal position → burial position
sky burial → surface disposal
slight hocker burial → semi-flexed burial
slipper - shaped coffin                          تابوت گيوه‌اي
social persona                                      وجهة اجتماعي
syn. public image
squatting burial → contracted burial
Srubnaya culture / Srubnaya Kultura (ru.)   → Timber-Grave culture
stepped grave                                           گور پله‌اي
step tomb                                                آرامگاه پله‌اي
strata → layer
stratum                                                              رگه
supine burial                                         تدفين طاق‌باز
surface disposal                                         هواسپاري
syn. earth burial, aerial burial,sky burial
temporary burial                                    تدفين اماني
syn. provisional burial
tholos tomb                                         آرامگاه كندويي
syn. beehive tomb
tightly - flexed burial                      تدفين تمام‌‌خميده
syn. embryonic burial, closely-flexed
burial, extreme hocker burial,fully-flexed burial, sharply-flexed burial
timber grave                                                 گورالوار
Timber - Grave culture / Timber Grave culture      فرهنگ گورالواري
syn. Srubnaya culture
tomb                                                               آرامگاه
tomb chamber                                    حجرة آرامگاهي
tombstone → gravestone
tomb tower                                            برج آرامگاهي
syn. tower tomb
tower tomb → tomb tower
tree burial → scaffold burial
tree - trunk coffin                                 تابوت كُنده‌اي
syn. monoxylous coffin
tumbled bone burial → disarticulated burial
tumulus                                                        گورپشته
syn. round barrow
Tumulus Bronze Age  → Tumulus culture
Tumulus culture                           فرهنگ گورپشته‌اي
syn. Tumulus Bronze Age, Tumulus period
Tumulus period → Tumulus culture
twin burial                                              تدفين همبَر
unaccompanied burial                           گور بي‌توشه
unurned cremation                      بي‌خاكستر‌دان‌سپاري
urban cemetery                                  گورستان شهري
urned cremation                             خاكستردان‌سپاري
urnfield → cremation cemetery
vivisepulture                                                زنده‌گور
wagon burial → chariot burial
wall burial→ immurement
warrior burial                                           گور جنگاور
water burial → aquatic disposal
wicker coffin                                        تابوت حصيري
Yamnaya culture / Yamnaya Kultura (ru.)   → Pit-Grave culture


پروتگان‌شناسي


amino acid residue                             ماندة آمينواسيد
bioinformatics                                    زيست‌داده‌ورزي
CD → conserved domain
conserved domain                                حبة حفظ‌شده
abbr. CD
dAb → domain antibody
domain                                                              حبه
domain antibody                                   پادتن حبه‌اي
abbr. dAb                           باستان‌شناسي ـ پروتگان‌شناسي
domain arrangement                              آرايش حبه
domain - encoding exon                 بيانة رمزگذار حبه
domain expansion                                       حبه‌زايي
domain family                                         خانوادة حبه
domain fusion                                           الحاق حبه
domain fusion analysis                    تحليل الحاق حبه
domain mapping                                نقشه‌نگاري حبه
domain number variation                 تغيير تعداد حبه
domain protein                                   پروتئين حبه‌اي
domain repetition                                    تكرار حبه 
domain sharing                                      اشتراك حبه
domain shuffling                                بُرخوردگي حبه                               
domain swapping                                  حبه‌درآميزي
domain walking                                      حبه‌پيمايي
electrospray ionisation time - of-flight                           زمان‌پروازسنجي يونش الكتروافشانه‌اي
abbr. ESI-TOF
ESI-TOF → electrospray ionisation time-of-flight
fibrous protein                                  پروتئين رشته‌اي
foldamer                                                         تاب‌پار
folded protein                                      پروتئين تابيده
folding enzyme                                     زي‌ماية تاب‌يار
folding nucleus                                       هستة تاب‌يار
fold library                                              گنجينة تاب
foldome                                                           تابگان
globular protein                                   پروتئين كروي
heat-shock protein activity → protein refolding
house -keeping protein                     پروتئين خانه‌بان
HPI → human protein index                      پروتگان‌شناسي
hub protein                                          پروتئين كانوني
human protein index                   نماية پروتئيني انسان
abbr. HPI
interactome                                              هم‌كنشگان
f.f. protein interactome
interactomics                                   هم‌كنشگان‌شناسي
misfolded protein                             پروتئين كژتابيده
molten globule                                       گويچة وارفته
motif                                                               بُن‌مايه
motif scanning                                         بُن‌مايه‌‌پويي
PEM → protein expression mapping
peptide fingerprinting                   انگشت‌نگاري پپتيد
peptide fragmentation fingerprint
abbr. PFF                                               اثرانگشت اجزا
PFF → peptide fragmentation fingerprint
PIM → protein interaction mapping
primary structure                                   ساختار اول
profile                                                              رُخ‌نما
profiling                                                   رُخ‌نمانگاري
protein array                                         آراية پروتئين
protein assay                                      سنجش پروتئين
protein biochip                             زيست‌تراشة پروتئين
protein chip                                          تراشة پروتئين
syn. protein microchip, protein-protein
interaction chip
protein expression map                 نقشة بيان پروتئين
protein expression mapping
abbr. PEM                                 نقشه‌نگاري بيان پروتئين‌
protein fingerprinting                انگشت‌نگاري پروتئين
protein fold                                             تابِ پروتئين
protein fold disease                      بيماري تابِ پروتئين
syn. protein folding-related disease
protein folding                                        پروتئين‌تابي
protein folding-related disease    → protein fold disease
protein function array                 آراية كاركرد پروتئين
protein-genome → proteome
protein interaction map    → protein-protein interaction map
protein interaction mapping
abbr. PIM                        نقشه‌نگاري برهم‌كنش پروتئين‌ها
protein interactome → interactome
protein linkage map    → protein-protein inteaction map
protein microarray                           ريزآراية پروتئين
protein microchip → protein chip
protein misfolding                               پروتئين‌كژتابي
protein motif                                       بُن‌ماية پروتئين
protein profile                                   رُخ‌نماي پروتئين
protein profiling                           رُخ‌نمانگاري پروتئين
protein-protein interaction chip → protein chip
protein-protein interaction map                        نقشة برهمكنش پروتئين‌ها
syn. protein interaction map, protein linkage map
protein refolding                                  پروتئين‌‌بازتابي
syn. heat-shock protein activity
protein structure                                ساختار پروتئين
protein structure prediction    پيش‌بيني ساختار پروتئين
protein unfolding                                  پروتئين‌واتابي
proteome                                                      پروتگان
f.f. protein-genome
proteome analysis database      دادگان تحليل پروتگان
proteome chip                                      تراشة پروتگان
syn. proteome microarray
proteome diversity → proteomic diversity
proteome map                                       نقشة پروتگان
proteome mapping                        نقشه‌نگاري پروتگان
proteome microarray → proteome chip
proteome signature                             امضاي پروتگان
proteomic diversity                              تنوع پروتگاني
syn. proteome diversity
proteomic fingerprint                     اثرانگشت پروتگان
proteomic profiling                      رُخ‌نمانگاري پروتگان
proteomics                                           پروتگان‌شناسي
quaternary structure                           ساختار چهارم
residue                                                             مانده
secondary structure                                ساختار دوم
structural motif                                 بُن‌ماية ساختاري
sub-proteome                                           زيرپروتگان
tertiary structure                                   ساختار سوم
time  -  of-flight 1                                  زمان‌پروازسنج
time  -  of-flight 2                                زمان‌پروازسنجي
abbr. TOF
TOF → time-of-flight2
UFR → unfolded protein response
unfolded protein response
abbr. UFR, UPR                           پاسخ پروتئين واتابيده
unfolded state                                           واتابيدگي
UPR → unfolded protein response
zinc finger                                            انگشتة روي‌دار


تغذيه


acceptable daily intake
abbr. ADI                                   دريافت روزانة پذيرفتني
acceptable macronutrient distribution range                گسترة پذيرفتني كلان‌مغذي
abbr. AMDR
acidosis                                                       اسيدباري
ADI → acceptable daily intake
aerophagia                                                 هواخواري
syn. aerophagy, gastrospiry
aerophagy → aerophagia
alkalosis                                                        قلياباري
AMDR → acceptable macronutrient distribution range
anthropometry                                           تن‌سنجي
anticariogenic                                        ضدپوسيدگي
baby bottle tooth decay → early childhood carries
bezoar                                                             بنداك
BIA → bioelectrical impedance analysis
bioelectrical impedance analysis
abbr. BIA                             تركيب‌سنجي زيست‌الكتريكي
BMC → bone mineral content
BMD → bone mineral density
BMI                                                               نماتوب
body-mass index                                 نماية تودة بدن
syn. Quetelet’s index
bone densitometry                     چگالي‌سنجي استخوان
bone mineral content                   ميزان كاني استخوان
abbr. BMC
bone mineral density                  چگالي كاني استخوان
syn. BMD
bone remodeling                            بازتنيدگي استخوان
borborygmus                                               شكم‌غُره
bulk element → macromineral
community nutrition                             تغذية جامعه
compensated metabolic alkalosis                      قلياباري سوخت‌وسازي جبراني
contraction alkalosis                    قلياباري خون‌كاستي
cyclic total parenteral nutrition   تغذية وريدي تام دوره‌اي
daily reference values                      مقادير روزانة مبنا
abbr. DRVs                                   تغذيه
daily value                                               مقدار روزانه
abbr. DV
dietary intake data                   داده‌هاي دريافت رژيمي
diet prescription                                      تجويز رژيم
drip gavage                                  تغذية لوله‌اي قطره‌اي
DRVs → daily reference values
DV → daily value
early childhood carries                 پوسيدگي خردسالي
abbr. ECC
syn. baby bottle tooth decay
ECC → early childhood carries
EEPA                                                               اِنفاب
energy expended in physical activity               انرژي مصرفي فعاليت بدني
enteral feeding                                   غذادهي روده‌اي
enteral nutrition                                   تغذية روده‌اي
enteral tube feeding                  غذادهي لوله‌اي روده‌اي
ESADDIs                                                        روزاك
essential fat                                             چربي حياتي
estimated safe and adequate daily dietary intakes                             روزدريافت برآوردي ايمن و كافي
facultative thermogenesis               گرمازايي اختياري
fermentable carbohydrate          كربوهيدرات تخميرپذير
food insecurity                                 عدم امنيت غذايي
food jag                                                     غذافرينگي
gastric gavage                تغذية لوله‌اي معده، تغذية لوله‌اي
gastrospiry → aerophagia
gavage feeding → tube feeding
generally recognized as safe                  ايمن‌انگاشته
abbr. GRAS
gestational hypertension                 فشارخون بارداري
glucose load                                               بار گلوكوز
glycemic index                                     نماية قندخوني
glycemic load                                          بار قندخوني
glycogen loading                             بارگذاري گليكوژن
syn. glycogen supercompensation
glycogen supercompensation → glycogen loading
GRAS → generally recognized as safe
24-hour recall                                  يادآوري 24ساعته
healthy eating index                     شاخص سالم خوردن
abbr. HEI
HEI → healthy eating index
height-for-age curve                         منحني قد ـ سن
heme iron                                                    خون‌آهن
hemolytic anemia                          كم‌خوني خون‌كافتي
human milk fortifier                       غني‌ساز شير مادر
hypercalciuria                                   بيش‌كلسيم‌‌ميزي
hypercarotenemia                            بيش‌كاروتن‌خوني
hypolactasia                                              كم‌لاكتازي
insensible water loss                    آب‌كاست نامحسوس
intermittent drip feeding        غذادهي قطره‌اي متناوب
ketosis                                                        كتون‌باري
limiting amino acid                  آمينواسيد محدودكننده
macromineral                                            كلان‌كاني
syn. bulk element                                تغذيه
macronutrient                                          كلان‌مغذي
medical nutrition therapy
abbr. MNT                                     تغذيه‌درماني پزشكي
medium-chain triglyceride     تري‌گليسيريد متوسط‌زنجير
MET → metabolic equivalents
metabolic acidosis                    اسيدباري سوخت‌وسازي
metabolic alkalosis                    قلياباري سوخت‌وسازي
metabolic equivalents                   هم‌ارز سوخت‌وسازي
abbr. MET
metabolic syndrome                  نشانگان سوخت‌وسازي
metabolic water                               آب سوخت‌وسازي
syn. water of combustion
micromineral                                            خُردكاني 
syn. trace element
micronutrient                                           خُردمغذي
MNT → medical nutrition therapy
neural crest defect                          نقص ستيغ ‌عصبي
neutral thermal environment            محيط بهينه‌دما
NIA → nutrient intake analysis
non-heme iron                                           ناخون‌آهن
nutrient intake analysis
abbr. NIA                                 دريافت‌سنجي مادة مغذي
nutrition epidemiology            همه‌گيرشناسي تغذيه‌اي
nutrition facts label               برچسب اطلاعات تغذيه‌اي
obligatory thermogenesis                 گرمازايي اجباري
omega - 3 fatty acid                          اسيد چرب امگا3
omega - 6 fatty acid                          اسيد چرب امگا6
PAL → physical activity level
physical activity level                     سطح فعاليت بدني
abbr. PAL
phytobezoar                                               گيابنداك
phytochemical                                               گيامايه
phytoestrogen                                          گياستروژن
plant-based diet                                     رژيم گياه‌پايه
proteolytic enzyme                      زي‌ماية پروتئين‌كاف، آنزيم پروتئين‌كاف
Quetelet’s index → body-mass index
rebound hypoglycemia               كم‌قندخوني بازگشتي
refeeding syndrome                       نشانگان بازغذادهي
remineralisation / remineralization             بازكاني‌گيري
renal solute load                         بار مواد محلول كليوي
RER → respiratory exchange ratio
respiratory acidosis                          اسيدباري تنفسي
respiratory alkalosis                          قلياباري تنفسي
respiratory exchange ratio
abbr. RER                                       نسبت تبادل تنفسي
sarcopenia                                              كم‌ماهيچگي
sensible water loss                          آب‌كاست محسوس
sensory-specific satiety                          سيري حسي
stunted growth → stunting
stunting                                                      كوتاه‌قدي
syn. stunted growth
TIBC → total iron-binding capacity
total iron-binding capacity
abbr. TIBC                                   ظرفيت كل آهن‌گيري
trace element → micromineral
trans-fatty acid                                اسيد چرب ترانس
transitional feeding                            غذادهي انتقالي
trichobezoar                                                موبنداك
trichophytobezoar                                  موگيابنداك
tube feeding                                         غذادهي لوله‌اي
syn. gavage feeding
tube feeding care                       مراقبت غذادهي لوله‌اي
ULCFA → ultra long-chain fatty acid
ultra long-chain fatty acid
abbr. ULCFA                    اسيد چرب بس‌بسيار بلندزنجير
ultra trace element                                عنصر بس‌كم
underweight                                                 كم‌وزني
very long - chain fatty acid
abbr. VLCFA                         اسيد چرب بسيار بلندزنجير
VLCFA → very long-chain fatty acid
water of combustion → metabolic water              تغذيه ـ
weight-for-age curve                       منحني وزن ‌ـ سن
weight-for-length curve                   منحني وزن‌ ـ قد
whey protein                                       پروتئين آب‌پنير
yo - yo effect                                            اثر الاكلنگي


حمل‌ونقل درون‌شهري ـ جاده‌اي


activity centre → major activity centre
add fare                                                     اضافه‌كرايه
advanced traveler information system
abbr. ATIS                       سامانة پيشرفتة اطلاع‌رساني سفر
AEU → automobile equivalent unit
alternate fuel                                     سوخت جايگزين
APC → automatic passenger counter
ATIS → advanced traveler information system
automatic passenger counter
abbr. APC                                        مسافرشمار خودكار
automatic vehicle location system
abbr. AVL system                              سامانة خودروياب
syn. AVL
automobile equivalent unit
abbr. AEU                                  گنجايش معادل‌ سواري
average travel speed → space mean speed
average trip length                          متوسط طول سفر
AVL → automatic vehicle location system
AVL system → automatic vehicle location system
barrier-free                                                   بي‌مانع
beacon                                                      نشان‌فرست
berth clearance time                        خالي‌ماند ايستگاه
bus coverage area → transit supportive area
circulation area                                        گذرگوشه 
clearance lost time                        زمان هدررفتة تخليه
composite grade                                      شيب مركب
compound curve                                   قوس تركيبي
constrained operation                          تداخل مزاحم
control conditions                                 شرايط تنظيم
crown line                                                    خط تاج
crush capacity                                      ظرفيت فشرده
curve hand                                               سمت قوس
demand volume                                       حجم تقاضا
effective green time                             زمان سبز مؤثر
effective red time                                زمان قرمز مؤثر
effective walkway width                عرض مؤثر پياده‌رو
elevated guideway                                هاديراه هوايي
exact fare                                                   كراية مُك
fail-active                                                   خرابي‌تاب
fail-hard1                                                                               دُش‌خراب
fail-hard2                                                                            دُش‌شكست
fail link                                                       پيش‌شكن
fail-operational                                       خراب ـ كارا
syn. fail-operative
fail-operational system                  سامانة خراب ـ كارا
fail-operative → fail-operational
fail-passive                                               خرابي‌ناتاب
fail-safe1                                                                               خرابي‌ايمن
fail-safe2                                                                             شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe close  /  fail-safe closed
abbr. FSC                                            خرابي‌ايمن بسته
fail-safe control                               واپايش خرابي‌ايمن
fail-safe design                              طراحي ‌شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe open                                        خرابي‌ايمن باز
abbr. FSO
fail-safe system                                سامانة خرابي‌ايمن
fail-soft                                                        نرم‌خراب
farebox                                                        كرايه‌گير
farecard reader                                        كارت‌خوان
fare paid area                                  محدودة بليت‌داران
syn. paid area
fare-registering faregate                        دروازة ثبّات
syn. turnstile
freeway surveillance                             نظارت آزادراه
FSC → fail-safe close
FSO → fail-safe open
gore area                                                سطح جناغي
grade crossing traffic control device                تنظيم‌گر گذرگاه
grade separation                                 ناهمسطح‌سازي
green ratio                                                نسبت سبز
green time                                                  زمان سبز
group riders                                               هم‌سفران
group riding                                               هم‌سفري
hanger                                                               آويز
haul rope                                  كابل كشنده، بافة كشنده
headway adherence                      پيوستگي فاصلة گذر
headway management                   مديريت فاصلة گذر
heavy vehicle                                        خودروِ سنگين
honour system                                          سامانة اعتمادي
inspector → road supervisor
interference headway                        فاصلة گذر تداخلي
interrupted flow                                 جريان ناپيوسته
lane one                                                 خط عبور يك
layover zone                                                  ماندگاه
left-hand curve                                     قوس چپ‌گرد
loading area                                                  سوارگاه
loading island                                         سكوي مياني
syn. safety island                                 حمل‌ونقل درون‌شهري ـ جاده‌اي
MAC → major activity centre
major activity centre                           كانون پُرمسافر
abbr. MAC
syn. activity centre
metered freeway                                آزادراه راهبان‌دار
middle bus                                           اتوبوس كوچك
monocable system          سامانة تك‌كابلي، سامانة‌ تك‌بافه‌اي
moving ramp                                            شيب‌بَر    
navigation                                                      ناوبَري
non-interrupted flow                           جريان پيوسته
no passing zone                           محدودة سبقت ممنوع
one-sided weaving section         سطح ضربدري يك‌سمته
one  -  zone ride                                  سفر تك‌‌حوزه‌اي
on the measure → on the measurement
on the measurement                              كراية حجمي
syn. on the measure
open cut guideway                                  هاديراه گود
paid area → fare paid area
passenger kilometers                            مسافركيلومتر
passenger service time                        زمان پياده‌سوار
pass-up                                                           پُربگذر
path                                                                  مسير
peak  /   base ratio                            نسبت اوج به مبنا
syn. peak / off-peak ratio                          حمل‌ونقل درون‌شهري ـ جاده‌اي
peak  /  off-peak ratio → peak /base ratio
peak hour price                                   نرخ ساعت اوج
peak hour pricing                        نرخ‌گذاري ساعت اوج
pedestrian area module                           پياده‌سهم
pedestrian flow rate                       ميزان جريان پياده
pedestrian friendly                                  پياده‌پسند
pedestrian speed                                     سرعت پياده
pendulum suspension                              آويز آونگي
person-capacity                              ظرفيت عبور مسافر
person level of service                سطح خدمت به مسافر
plane curve → simple curve
policy headway                                        فاصلة گذر مقرر
potential capacity                                  ظرفيت بالقوه
red time                                                      زمان قرمز
reroute                                                      تغيير مسير
reverse curve                                         قوس معكوس
ride quality                                               راحتي سفر
right-hand curve                                 قوس راست‌گرد
road foreman → road supervisor
road supervisor                       بازرس حمل‌ونقل عمومي
syn. inspector, route supervisor,street supervisor, road foreman
roadway conditions                                 وضعيت راه
route supervisor → road supervisor
safe speed                                                سرعت ايمن
safety island → loading island
saturation headway                          فاصلة گذر اشباع
scheduled design load              بار برنامه‌ريزي‌شدة طرح
seated capacity → seating capacity
seating capacity                                   ظرفيت نشسته
syn. seated capacity
service flow rate                      ميزان جريان خدمت‌دهي
shared-lane capacity                    ظرفيت خط مشترك
simple curve                                             قوس ساده
syn. plane curve
single - coin fare                 كراية تك‌سكه‌اي، تك‌سكه‌اي
space mean speed                     ميانگين سرعت قطعه‌راه
syn. average travel speed
standees                                                 مسافر ايستاده
start-up lost time                         زمان هدررفتة آغازين
street supervisor → road supervisor
surface treatment                                  بهسازي رويه
temporary structure                                سازة موقت
tie bar                                                        ميلة اتصال
time mean speed                      ميانگين سرعت لحظه‌اي
time  - of - day fare                             كراية تابع زمان
toll bridge                                                پل عوارضي
toll road                                                   راه عوارضي
toll tunnel                                               تونل عوارضي
traffic conditions                                   وضعيت تردد
transit reliability            قابليت اعتماد حمل‌ونقل عمومي
transit-supportive area                محدودة اتوبوس‌پذير
syn. bus coverage area
transportation productivity            بهره‌وري حمل‌ونقل
turnout                                                      خط مجال
turnstile → fare-registering faregate
two - sided weaving section        سطح ضربدري دوسمته
unconstrained operation                    تداخل نامزاحم
weaving configuration                       آرايش ضربدري
work zone                                         محدودة كارگاهي
zone fare/zoned fare                           كراية منطقه‌اي


حمل ‌و نقل دريايي


allowable stacking weight        وزن مجاز روي‌هم‌چيني
all-round light                                       چراغ تمام‌دور
bareboat charter                              اجارة صرفاً كشتي
syn. demise charter, bare-hull charter,bare-pole charter
bare - hull charter → bareboat charter
bare - pole charter → bareboat charter
barratry                                                    جُرم خدمه
bill of health → certificate of pratique
black box → voyage date recorder
boat beacon → lightboat
bonded area                                        محوطة گمركي
bonded cargo → bonded stores
bonded goods → bonded stores
bonded stores                                       كالاي گمركي
syn. bonded goods, bonded cargo
bonding                                                     برق‌زدايي 
breakdown clause → off-hire clause
burdened ship                                         كشتي راه‌ده
burdened vessel → give-way vessel
cargo preference → flag discrimination
certificate of classification             گواهينامة رده‌بندي
syn. classification certificate
certificate of compliance    → document of compliance1
certificate of damage                    گواهي آسيب‌ديدگي
syn. certificate of survey1
certificate of deletion                       گواهي ابطال ثبت
certificate of entry                              گواهي عضويت
certificate of first entry classification            گواهي پذيرش رده‌بندي
certificate of fitness                          گواهينامة بَرازش
certificate of free pratique   → certificate of pratique
certificate of ownership                      گواهي مالكيت
syn. owner’s oath for license
certificate of pratique                  گواهي سلامت شناور
syn. free pratique, bill of health,certificate of free pratique
certificate of registry                           گواهينامة ثبت


syn. ship’s certificate of registry, ship’s register                   حمل‌ونقل درون‌شهري ـ حمل‌ونقل دريايي
certificate of sea stores            گواهي انبار مواد مصرفي
certificate of survey 1 → certificate of damage
certificate of survey 2                            گواهي وارسي
charter                                                             اجاره
charterer                                                  اجاره‌كننده
classification certificate   → certificate of classification
crew’s effect                                   لوازم شخصي خدمه
deadweight displacement coefficient   → deadweight ratio
deadweight efficiency                     بازده ظرفيت حمل
deadweight ratio                           نسبت ظرفيت حمل
syn. deadweight displacement
coefficient
deadweight scale                          مقياس ظرفيت حمل
syn. displacement scale
delivery note                                            اعلام وصول
abbr. DN
delivery order                                        برگ ترخيص
abbr. DO
syn. landing order                    حمل‌ونقل دريايي
demise charter → bareboat charter
displacement scale → deadweight scale
disponent owner                                        مالك بدل
distress                                    اضطرار، وضعيت اضطراري
distress flag                                            پرچم اضطرار
distress frequency                                 بسامد اضطرار
distress gun                                        منورانداز اضطرار
distress light                                           چراغ اضطرار
distress signal                                       علامت اضطرار
DN → delivery note
DO → delivery order
DOC → document of compliance1
document of compliance1                       سند انطباق
abbr. DOC
syn. certificate of compliance
document of compliance2   مجوز حمل كالاي خطرناك   
estimated time of arrival
abbr. ETA                                        زمان برآوردي ورود
estimated time of departure
abbr. ETD                                       زمان برآوردي خروج
ETA → estimated time of arrival
ETD → estimated time of departure
fairway                                                           روگاه
syn. mid-channel
fairway buoy                              بوية روگاه، شناوة روگاه
syn. mid-channel buoy
fairway speed                                     سرعت در روگاه
FL → flashing light
flag                                                                   پرچم
flag clause                                                شرط پرچم
flag discrimination                                رجحان پرچم
syn. cargo preference
flagging out                                              تغيير پرچم
syn. flag out
flag government → flag state
flag of convenience                             پرچم مصلحتي
abbr. FOC
syn. open registry, flag of necessity
flag of necessity → flag of convenience
flag of registration                                    پرچم ثبت
flag out → flagging out
flag state                                          كشور صاحب‌پرچم
syn. flag government
flag state control                   بازرسي كشور صاحب‌پرچم
flag surtax                                        اضافه‌ماليات پرچم
flag waiver                                               امتياز پرچم
flashing light                                      چراغ چشمك‌زن
abbr. FL
FOC → flag of convenience
free pratique → certificate of pratique
French leave                                        غيبت غيرموجه
gas boat → lightboat
geared ship                                       كشتي جرثقيل‌دار
gearless → gearless ship
gearless carrier → gearless ship
gearless ship                                     كشتي بي‌جرثقيل
syn. gearless, gearless carrier
give - way vessel                                      شناور راه‌ده
syn. burdened vessel
Global Maritime Distress and Safety System            سامانة جهاني اضطرار و ايمني دريايي
GMDSS                                                         سجاواد
hard bread → ship biscuit
hard tack  /  hardtack → ship biscuit
head - on situation                               وضعيت رودرو
high-speed craft /   high speed craft
abbr. HSC                                                 شناور تندرو
HSC → high speed craft
international safety management code                          آيين‌نامة بين‌المللي مديريت ايمني
international ship and port facility code                     آيين‌نامة بين‌المللي امنيت كشتيها و تسهيلات ‌بندري
international ship security certificate                       گواهينامة بين‌المللي امنيت كشتي
ISM code                                                 آيين‌نامة بما
ISPS code                                            آيين‌نامة باكوب
ISSC                                                             گباك
joint owner                                            شريك كشتي
syn. joint owners, part owners
joint owners → joint owner
landing order → delivery order
leave                                                             مرخصي
liberty → shore leave
lightboat                                                   قايق نوراني
syn. gas boat, boat beacon, unattended
lightboat
lighthouse                                              فانوس دريايي
lightship                                                 كشتي نوراني
light vessel/lightvessel                           شناور نوراني
long blast → prolonged blast
long leave                                     مرخصي طولاني‌مدت
look-out 1 / lookout → look-out man
look-out 2                                                      ديدباني
syn. look-outs
look - out man  / lookout man                     ديدبان
syn. look - out1/lookout
look - outs → look-out2
making way                                                درحركت
managing owner                           مالك‌‌ ـ  مدير كشتي
marine accident → marine casualty
marine casualty                                    سانحة دريايي
syn. marine accident                        حمل‌ونقل دريايي
marine casualty investigator         بازرس سانحة دريايي
marine incident                                     حادثة دريايي
maritime lien                                         حقِّ ممتاز دريايي
mast                                                                دكل
masthead                                                      سردكل
masthead light                                         چراغ دكل
syn. steaming light
mast ladder                                              پلكان دكل
mast step                                                   پاشنة دكل
measurement rate                            نرخ كراية حجمي
measurement rated cargo                    بار حجم‌كرايه
measurement ton → measurement tonne
measurement tonne                                 تُن حجمي
syn. measurement ton
mid - channel → fairway
mid - channel buoy → fairway buoy
mobile offshore drilling unit  واحد سيار حفاري فراساحل
MODU                                                          وسحاف
MODU code                                      آيين‌نامة وسحاف
motorboat                                               قايق موتوري
syn. power boat
navigability                           قابليت ناوبَري، ناوش‌پذيري
navigable                                    قابل ناوبَري، ناوش‌پذير
navigation                                                      ناوبَري
NUC → vessel not under command
off-hire                                                  خارج از اجاره
off-hire clause / off hire clause        شرط خارج از اجاره
syn. breakdown clause
off-hire days                                روزهاي خارج از اجاره
off-hire survey / off hire survey        وارسي پايان اجاره
on-hire survey/on hire survey            وارسي آغاز اجاره
on-scene commander → on-scene coordinator
on-scene coordinator                        فرماندة درصحنه
abbr. OSC
syn. on-scene commander
on the measure → on the measurement
on the measurement                              كراية حجمي
syn. on the measure
open registry → flag of convenience
OSC → on-scene coordinator
overtaking vessel                               شناور سبقت‌گير
owners oath for license   → certificate of ownership
packing                                                         باربندي
P and I club → protection and indemnity club
pandi club → protection and indemnity club
part owners → joint owner
pilot bread → ship biscuit
port state                                           كشور صاحب‌بندر
port state control                    بازرسي كشور صاحب‌بندر
power boat → motorboat
power - driven vessel                           شناور موتوري
privileged ship                                       كشتي راه‌گير
privileged vessel → stand-on vessel
prolonged blast                                           بوق بلند
syn. long blast
protection and indemnity association   → protection and indemnity club
protection and indemnity club              انجمن حمايت و جبران خسارت
abbr. P and I club, pandi club
syn. protection and indemnity
association
purse → purse seine
purse boat → purse seiner
purse net → purse seine
purse seine                                                   تاسه
syn. purse, seine, purse net, seine net
purse seiner                                                تاسه‌كش
syn. seine boat, seiner, purse boat
racking                                                      قاب‌‌خوابي
SA → salvage association
safe speed                                                سرعت ايمن
safety management certificate                     گواهينامة مديريت ايمني  
sailing boat                                              قايق بادباني
sailing ship                                            كشتي بادباني
sailing vessel                                          شناور بادباني
salvage1                                            اموال بازگشته، بازگشته
salvage 2                                                    كارمزد بازگرداني
salvage association                            انجمن بازگرداني
abbr. SA
salvage award                                    پاداش بازگرداني
syn. salve award
salvage charges → salve charge
salvage clause                                      شرط بازگرداني
salvage lien                                          حقِّ ممتاز بازگرداني
salvage master                                  فرماندة بازگرداني
syn. wreck master1
salvage money                                            انعام بازگرداني
salvage tug                                      يدك‌كش بازگرداني
syn. wrecking tug
salvage vessel                                      شناور بازگرداني
salve award → salvage award
salve charge                                        هزينة بازگرداني
syn. salvage charges
salving ship                                        كشتي بازگرداني
sea biscuit → ship biscuit
seine → purse seine
seine boat → purse seiner
seine net → purse seine
seiner → purse seiner
seining                                                       تاسه‌كشي
separation zone                                 منطقة جداسازي
serious casualty                             سانحة دريايي شديد
ship biscuit                                        بيسكويت كشتي
syn. hard bread, hard tack, pilot bread,sea biscuit, ships bread, ships biscuit
ship breaker / shipbreaker               اوراق‌چي كشتي
shipbreaking                                    اوراق‌سازي كشتي
shipowner                                               مالك كشتي
shipowner’s agent                        نمايندة مالك كشتي
shipowner’s lien                        حقِّ ممتاز مالك كشتي
ship sanitation certificate
abbr. SSC                                 گواهينامة بهداشت شناور
syn. ship sanitation control certificate
ship sanitation control certificate   → ship sanitation certificate
ship sanitation control exemption certificate                گواهينامة معافيت از واپايي بهداشتي
ships biscuit → ship biscuit
ships bread → ship biscuit
ship’s certificate of registry   → certificate of registry
ship’s husband                                           كشتي‌دار
ship’s register → certificate of registry
shipwreck1                                             بقاياي كشتي
syn. wreck1, wreckage1
shipwreck 2                                          شكست كشتي
syn. wreck2, wreckage2
shipwreck 3                                           كشتي شكسته
syn. wreck3
shore leave                                          مرخصي ساحلي
syn. liberty
short blast                                                  بوق كوتاه
sick leave                                            مرخصي پزشكي
side lights                                            چراغهاي جانبي
SMC                                                                   گما
special area                                              منطقة ويژه
SSC → ship sanitation certificate
stand-on vessel                                       شناور راه‌گير
syn. privileged vessel
steaming light → masthead light
tank barge                                               دوبة مخزني
time charter1                                            اجارة زماني
time charter 2 → time charter party
time charterer                                  اجاره‌كنندة زماني
time charter party                              اجاره‌نامة زماني
syn. time charter2
towing light1                                  چراغ زرد يدك‌كشي
towing light2                               چراغ سفيد يدك‌كشي
traffic separation scheme
abbr. TSS                                        طرح جداسازي تردد
trawl                                                                 گوفه
syn. trawl net             حمل‌ونقل دريايي ـ حمل‌ونقل ريلي
trawler                                                        گوفه‌كِش
trawling                                                    گوفه‌كِشي
trawl net → trawl
TSS → traffic separation scheme
unattended lightboat → lightboat
underway                                                      درراه
unpacking                                                 بارگشايي 
urgency                                      فوريت، وضعيت فوريتي
VDR → voyage data recorder
VER → voyage data recorder
very serious casualty             سانحة دريايي بسيار شديد
vessel constrained by her draught        شناور آبخورتنگنا
vessel exclusion zone                       منطقة ورود‌ممنوع
vessel not under command
abbr. NUC                                      شناور خارج از فرمان
voy → voyage
voyage                                                             سفر 
syn. voy
voyage account                                صورت‌حساب سفر
voyage charter                                        اجارة سفري
voyage charter party / voyage charter-party               اجاره‌نامة سفري
voyage clause                                      شرط بيمة سفر
voyage costs                                              هزينة سفر
voyage data recorder                      جعبة سياه ‌كشتي
abbr. VDR
syn. black box, voyage event recorder, VER
voyage estimate                                       برآورد سفر
syn. voyage estimating
voyage estimating → voyage estimate
voyage event recorder → voyage data recorder
voyage expenses                                      مخارج سفر
voyage fixture                                          تثبيت سفر
voyage management                             مديريت سفر
voyage plan                                                طرح سفر
voyage policy                                         بيمه‌نامة سفر
voyage report                                          گزارش سفر
voyage time                                               زمان سفر
wreck 1 → shipwreck1
wreck 2 → shipwreck2
wreck 3 → shipwreck3
wreckage1 → shipwreck1
wreckage2 → shipwreck2
wreck buoy          بوية كشتي شكسته، شناوة كشتي شكسته
wrecking tug → salvage tug
wreck master1 → salvage master
wreck master 2                           مسئول كشتي شكسته


حمل‌ و نقل ريلي


adzed tie                         ريل‌بند تيشه‌اي، تراورس تيشه‌اي
ballast anchor → tie anchor
ballast check → tie anchor
ballast cribber → cribbing machine
bored tie                      ريل‌بند سوراخ‌دار، تراورس سوراخ‌دار
boxed-heart tie             ريل‌بند مغزميان، تراورس مغزميان
syn. rifle tie1, target tie1
bridge tie                                    ريل‌بند پل، تراورس پل
syn. bridge timber
bridge timber → bridge tie
canted plate → canted tie plate
canted tie plate                                    زينچة شيب‌دار
syn. canted plate
clearance bay                                               جان‌پناه
syn. nitch
clearance envelope                                   پوش‌ مجاز
clearance platform                                 جان‌پناه پل
composite tie                   ريل‌بند تركيبي، تراورس تركيبي
compound curve                                   قوس تركيبي
compromise rail → transition rail
crank handle                                            اهرم دستي
crib                                   آخوري ريل‌بند، آخوري تراورس
cribber → cribbing machine
cribbing bucket                                       جام آخوري
cribbing machine         ماشين پارسنگ‌‌بردار، پارسنگ‌بردار
syn. cribber, ballast cribber
cull tie                                      ريل‌بند ويژه، تراورس ويژه
curve hand                                               سمت قوس
dotty tie                               ريل‌بند كپكي، تراورس كپكي
dual control switch                        سوزن برقي‌ـ‌‌ دستي
electrically locked switch → electric lock switch
electric lock switch                             سوزن قفل‌‌برقي
syn. electrically locked switch
fail-active                                                  خرابي‌تاب
failed tie                          ريل‌بند فرسوده، تراورس فرسوده
fail-hard1                                                                             دُش‌خراب
fail-hard2                                                                            دُش‌شكست
fail link                                                      پيش‌شكن
fail-operational                                       خراب ـ كارا
syn. fail-operative
fail-operational system                  سامانة خراب ـ كارا
fail-operative → fail-operational
fail-passive                                               خرابي‌ناتاب
fail-safe1                                                                               خرابي‌ايمن
fail-safe2                                                                             شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe close / fail-safe closed
abbr. FSC                                            خرابي‌ايمن بسته
fail-safe control                               واپايش خرابي‌ايمن
fail-safe design                              طراحي ‌شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe open                                        خرابي‌ايمن باز
abbr. FSOحمل‌ونقل ريلي
fail-safe system                                سامانة خرابي‌ايمن
fail-soft                                                      نرم‌خراب 
fishing                                                        بلندي تنه
fishing space                                                 تنة ريل
FL → flashing light
flank protection                                  جداسازي مسير
syn. route isolation
flashing light                                      چراغ چشمك‌زن
abbr. FL
flat bottomed rail                                  ريل پايه‌تخت
syn. Vignoles rail, tee rail, T-rail
flat plate                                                  زينچة تخت
syn. flat tie plate
flat spot                                             صاف‌شدگي قوس
flattened rail                                         ريل تخت‌شده
flat tie plate → flat plate
fouling space                                        فضاي ايمن‌گاه
friction rail                                           ريل اصطكاكي
frost heave                                             كوژ يخ‌بنداني
FSC → fail-safe close
FSO → fail-safe open
grade crossing traffic control device    تنظيم‌گر گذرگاه
grooved tie                      ريل‌بند شياردار، تراورس شياردار
half-moon tie → pole tie
half-round tie → pole tie
head free rail                                            ريل بي‌تاج
heart and back tie          ريل‌بند مغزكنار، تراورس مغزكنار
syn. wing tie
intermediate tie       ريل‌بند ميان‌درزي، تراورس ميان‌درزي
joint tie           ريل‌بند درز ريل، ريل‌بند درز، تراورس درز ريل
left-hand curve                                     قوس چپ‌گرد
longitudinal tie                    ريل‌بند طولي، تراورس طولي
syn. longitudinal timber
longitudinal timber → longitudinal tie
marginal tie                          ريل‌بند كهنه، تراورس كهنه
navigation                                                 ناوبَري    
nitch → clearance bay
one-man tie tongs      ريل‌بندگير دستي، تراورس‌گير دستي
syn. tie tongs
on the measure → on the measurment
on the measurment                               كرايه حجمي
syn. on the measure
peaky tie                  ريل‌بند سرو كپكي، تراورس سرو كپكي
plane curve → simple curve
pole tie                              ريل‌بند نيم‌گِرد، تراورس نيم‌گِرد
syn. round tie, slabbed tie, half-round tie,half-moon tie, rifle tie2, target tie2
pony car → track dolly
punch                                    سنبة ريل‌بند، سنبة تراورس
syn. track punch
quartered tie               ريل‌بند مغزگوشه، تراورس مغزگوشه
rail dolly → track dolly
rail fillet                                                  ماهيچة ريل
receiving rail                                            پيش‌ريل  
reverse curve                                         قوس معكوس
rifle tie1 → boxed-heart tie
rifle tie2 → pole tie
right-hand curve                                 قوس راست‌گرد
round tie → pole tie
route isolation → flank protection
rubber switch  → semi-automatic switch
safe-speed                                               سرعت ايمن
semi-automatic switch                   سوزن نيمه‌خودكار
syn. rubber switch
semi-automatic switch stand       پاية سوزن نيمه‌خودكار
short tie                                 ريل‌بند كوتاه، تراورس كوتاه
syn. stub tie
simple curve                                             قوس ساده
syn. plane curve
slabbed tie → pole tie
sleeper anchor → tie anchor
sleeper borer → tie borer
sleeper replacing machine   → tie inserter/extractor
spot tie                             ريل‌بند لاي‌بتن، تراورس لاي‌بتن
stepped-up tie plate                               زينچة پله‌اي
stone block → stone-block tie
stone-block tie                   ريل‌بند سنگي، تراورس سنگي
syn. stone block
stub tie → short tie
substitute tie               ريل‌بند غيرچوبي، تراورس غيرچوبي
target tie1 → boxed-heart tie
target tie2 → pole tie
tee rail → flat bottomed rail
three - sided tie            ريل‌بند سه‌گوش، تراورس سه‌گوش
syn. triangular tie
tie anchor                               مهار ريل‌بند، مهار تراورس
syn. ballast check, sleeper anchor,ballast anchor
tie bed                                    بستر ريل‌بند، بستر تراورس
tie borer                     سوراخ‌كن ريل‌بند، سوراخ‌كن تراورس
syn. sleeper borer
tie extractor                             ريل‌بندكِش، تراورس‌كِش
tie inserter                               ريل‌بندكوب، تراورس‌كوب
tie inserter / extractor                             ماشين تعويض ريل‌بند، ماشين تعويض تراورس
syn. sleeper replacing machine
tie nipper                                    ريل‌بندگير، تراورس‌گير
tie plug                       سوراخ‌گير ريل‌بند، سوراخ‌گير تراورس
tie renewal cycle                                  چرخة تعويض ريل‌بند، چرخة تعويض تراورس
tie saw                                             ريل‌بندبُر، تراورس‌بُر
syn. tie shear
tie shear → tie saw
tie spacer                                 ريل‌بند گذار، تراورس‌گذار
tie spacing                           فاصلة ريل‌بند، فاصلة تراورس
tie stub                                        تكه‌ريل‌بند، تكه‌تراورس
tie tongs → one-man tie tongs
track dolly                                           فرغون پشت‌كار
syn. rail dolly, pony car
track punch → punch
T-rail → flat bottomed rail
trailing rail                                               پس‌ريل   
transition plate                                      زينچة تبديل
transition rail                                           ريل تبديل
syn. compromise rail
triangular tie → three-sided tie
turned-up tie plate                            زينچة يك‌سرخم
twin tie plate                                          زينچة دوتكه
two - man tie tongs       ريل‌بندگير دونفره، تراورس‌گير دونفره
undercutting                                   پاك‌سازي پارسنگ
U-rail                                                           ريل نعلي
Vignoles rail / Vignol rail → flat bottomed rail
wane tie                             ريل‌بند لبه‌گِرد، تراورس لبه‌گِرد
warped tie                ريل‌بند تاب‌خورده، تراورس تاب‌خورده
wing tie → heart and back tie
worn fishing                                             تنة ساييده


حمل‌ ونقل هوايي


ADF → automatic direction-finder
aerodynamic balance → wind-tunnel balance
altitude tunnel                                          تونل ارتفاع
syn. altitude wind tunnel
altitude wind tunnel → altitude tunnel
anti-icer → anti-icing1
anti-icing1 / anticing1                                  ضديخ‌
syn. anti-icer
anti-icing 2/ anticing 2                              ضديخ‌زني 
anti-icing fluid                                         شارة ضديخ
anti-icing system                                   سامانة ضديخ
area ratio                                             نسبت مساحت
area rule                                               قاعدة مساحت
aspect ratio                                           نسبت منظري
syn. aspect ratio of wings
aspect ratio of wings → aspect ratio
automatic direction-finder
abbr. ADF                                          جهت‌ياب خودكار
axial focusing                                     كانونش محوري
balance → wind-tunnel balance
beacon                                                      نشان‌فرست
blowdown tunnel                                    تونل دَمِشي
syn. blowdown wind tunnel
blowdown wind tunnel → blowdown tunnel
choking                                                          خفگي
circuit length                                             طول مدار
closed circuit → closed-circuit wind tunnel
closed-circuit wind tunnel                  تونل مداربسته
syn. closed circuit, return-flow tunnel,return-flow wind tunnel
closed-jet tunnel                                  تونل جت‌بسته
collector                                                            قيفه
composite aircraft                               هواگرد تلفيقي
compressed-air tunnel                        تونل هوافشرده
syn. compressed-air wind tunnel
compressed-air wind tunnel   → compressed-air tunnel
contraction                                                       تنگه
contraction ratio                                   نسبت تنگش
convertible aircraft                         هواگرد تبديل‌پذير
convertiplane                                               بدل‌پيما
courier baggage                                            پيك‌‌بار
crossed-spring balance               نيروسنج فنرضربدري
diffuser                                                          پخشگر
diffuser tunnel                                        تونل پخشگر
drift - down                                                  فرورَوي
drop model                                              مدل رَهشي
drop test                                                                            آزمون رَهش
dynamic model                                    مدل ديناميكي
dynamic scale                                   مقياس ديناميكي
dynamic similarity                             تشابه ديناميكي
Eiffel-type tunnel                                      تونل ايفل
elastic model                                          مدل كشسان
entrance cone                                      مخروط ورودي
exit cone                                             مخروط خروجي
fail-active                                                   خرابي‌تاب
fail-hard1                                                                               دُش‌خراب
fail-hard2                                                                            دُش‌شكست
fail link                                                      پيش‌شكن
fail-operational                                       خراب ـ كارا
syn. fail-operative
fail-operational system                  سامانة خراب ـ كارا
fail-operative → fail-operational
fail-passive                                               خرابي‌ناتاب
fail-safe1                                                                               خرابي‌ايمن
fail-safe2                                                                             شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe close / fail-safe closed
abbr. FSC                                            خرابي‌ايمن بسته
fail - safe control                             واپايش خرابي‌ايمن
fail - safe design                            طراحي ‌شكست‌ايمن
fail-safe open                                        خرابي‌ايمن باز
abbr. FSO
fail-safe system                                سامانة خرابي‌ايمن
fail-soft                                                        نرم‌خراب
fan straightener                               چرخش‌گير پروانه
free - flight tunnel                                 تونل پروازآزاد
syn. free-flight wind tunnel
free - flight wind tunnel → free-flight tunnel
free - spinning tunnel                  تونل فروچرخش آزاد
FSC → fail-safe close
FSO → fail-safe open
FST → full-scale tunnel
full-scale tunnel                                 تونل تمام‌مقياس
abbr. FST
fuse bolt → fuse pin
fuse pin                                                    ميلة محافظ
syn. fuse bolt
generator → smoke generator
Göttingen-type tunnel                         تونل گوتينگن
ground board                                              زمين‌نما
ground equipment                             تجهيزات زميني
ground handling wheel             چرخ جابه‌جايي زميني
ground support equipment     تجهيزات پشتيباني زميني
gust tunnel                                               تونل جَست
helideck                                                   عرشة بالگرد
highly subsonic → high subsonic
highly supersonic → high supersonic
high-speed tunnel                                تونل سرعت‌بالا
abbr. HST
high subsonic                                           فرازيرصوتي
syn. highly subsonic
high supersonic                                        فرااَبَرصوتي
syn. highly supersonic
holdover time                                      مدت ماندگاري
honeycomb                                                لانه‌زنبوري
HST → high-speed tunnel
hypersonic flow                                شارش برين‌صوتي
hypersonic speed                             سرعت برين‌صوتي
hypersonic tunnel                              تونل برين‌صوتي
syn. hypersonic wind tunnel
hypersonic wind tunnel → hypersonic tunnel
induction tunnel                                      تونل مَكشي
level off                                                           تَرازش
level - off position                                موقعيت تَرازش
lifting body                                              پيكرة بَرآرزا
lowly subsonic → low subsonic
low-speed tunnel                              تونل ‌سرعت‌پايين
syn. low-speed wind tunnel
low-speed wind tunnel → low-speed tunnel
low subsonic                                            فروزيرصوتي
syn. lowly subsonic
major alteration                                    تغيير اساسي
major modification                                  اصلاح كلي
major repair                                          تعمير اساسي
minor alteration                                      تغيير جزئي
minor modification                                اصلاح جزئي
minor repair                                           تعمير جزئي
model cart                                                  ارابة مدل
model tunnel                                              تونل مدل
mother → parent
mother aircraft → parent
mother ship → parent
mother ship aircraft → parent
navigation                                                      ناوبَري
NDB → non-directional beacon
non - directional beacon
abbr. NDB                                    نشان‌فرست چندجهته
syn. non-directional radio beacon
non-directional radio beacon   → non-directional beacon
non-return-flow tunnel → open-circuit wind tunnel
non-return-flow wind tunnel   → open-circuit wind tunnel
open circuit → open-circuit wind tunnel
open - circuit wind tunnel                      تونل مدارباز
syn. open circuit, non-return-flow tunnel,non-return-flow wind tunnel
open-jet tunnel                                        تونل جت‌باز
parasite                                                   هواگرد سربار
syn. parasite aircraft, parasite airplane
parasite aircraft → parasite
parasite airplane → parasite
parasiting                                                سربارپروازي
parent                                                      هواگرد مادر
syn. mother ship, mother, parent aircraft,mother ship aircraft, mother aircraft
parent aircraft → parent
plasma wind tunnel                            تونل باد پلاسما
abbr. PWT
power lever                                               دسته‌گاز  
syn. throttle, thrust lever
primary air                                               هواي اوليه
syn. primary airflow
primary airflow → primary air
PWT → plasma wind tunnel
quick - change aircraft                    هواگرد تندتبديل
quiet supersonic aircraft          هواگرد اَبَرصوتي بي‌صدا
refrigeration tunnel                                تونل انجماد
return-flow tunnel → closed-circuit wind tunnel
return-flow wind tunnel   → closed-circuit wind tunnel
reverse thrust                                           پس‌رانش 
rolling balance                                    نيروسنج غلتش
safety net                                                    تور ايمني
secondary air                                           هواي ثانويه
syn. secondary airflow, secondary fan airflow
secondary airflow → secondary air
secondary fan airflow → secondary air
settling chamber                                       اتاقك قرار
shadowgram → shadowgraph2
shadowgraph1                                                                 سايه‌نگاري
shadowgraph2                                                                سايه‌نگاشت
syn. shadowgram
shock tube                                                 لولة شوك
shock tunnel                                             تونل شوك
single - spring flexure                      نيروسنج تك‌فنره
six - component balance            نيروسنج شش‌مؤلفه‌اي
slamming                                                 كوب‌نشست
smoke generator                                          دودساز
syn. generator
smoke tunnel                                              تونل دود
spinning tunnel → spin tunnel
spin tunnel                                         تونل فروچرخش
syn. spinning tunnel, vertical tunnel,vertical wind tunnel, vertical spin tunnel
sting                                                                دُم‌گير
straightener                                             چرخش‌گير
subsonic flight                                     پرواز زيرصوتي
subsonic flow                                     شارش زيرصوتي
subsonic speed                                   سرعت زيرصوتي
subsonic tunnel                                    تونل زيرصوتي
syn. subsonic wind tunnel
subsonic wind tunnel  → subsonic tunnel
supersonic aerodynamics           آئروديناميك اَبَرصوتي
supersonic compressor                  فشرده‌ساز اَبَرصوتي
supersonic diffuser                            پخشگر اَبَرصوتي
supersonic flow                                   شارش اَبَرصوتي
supersonic inlet                                  ورودي اَبَرصوتي
supersonic nozzle                              شيپورة اَبَرصوتي
supersonic propeller                             ملخ اَبَرصوتي
supersonic tunnel                                  تونل اَبَرصوتي
syn. supersonic wind tunnel
supersonic wind tunnel → supersonic tunnel
surging                                                      موج‌زدگي
test chamber → test section
test diamond                                        ويژه‌گاه آزمون
test section                                                آزمونگاه  
syn. working section, test chamber
throttle → power lever
thrust lever → power lever
transonic flight                                     پرواز تراصوتي
transonic flow                                    شارش تراصوتي
transonic range                                  گسترة تراصوتي
transonic speed                                  سرعت تراصوتي
transonic tunnel                                    تونل تراصوتي
syn. transonic wind tunnel
transonic wind tunnel → transonic tunnel
turbulence screen                                      تلاطم‌گير
vacuum tunnel                                            تونل خلأ
variable-density tunnel                    تونل چگالي‌متغير
abbr. VDT
syn. variable-density wind tunnel
variable-density wind tunnel   → variable-density tunnel
VDT → variable-density tunnel
ventilated tunnel                                   تونل روزن‌دار
vertical spin tunnel → spin tunnel
vertical tunnel → spin tunnel
vertical wind tunnel → spin tunnel
vertiplane                                                  درجاخيز 
wall constraint                                    مزاحمت ديواره
wall effect                                                   اثر ديواره
water tunnel                                             تونل آب  
W-BAR → wing bar
wind tunnel                                              تونل باد   
wind-tunnel balance                        نيروسنج تونل باد
syn. aerodynamic balance, balance
wing bar                                              چراغهاي جانبي
abbr. W-BAR                     حمل‌ونقل هوايي ـ خوردگي
syn. wing bar runway lights
wing bar runway lights → wing bar
working fluid                                            كارشاره  
working section → test section


خوردگي


abrasion corrosion                            خوردگي سايشي
abrasion resistance                            مقاومت سايشي
abrasive wear                                       رفتگي سايشي
accelerated aging                             پيرش شتاب‌يافته
accelerated corrosion test    آزمون خوردگي شتاب‌يافته
accelerated life test              آزمون طول عمر شتاب‌يافته
accelerated weathering        آزمون هوازدگي شتاب‌يافته
acceleration period                                  دورة شتاب
acid cleaning                                     تميزكاري اسيدي
aerospace corrosion                       خوردگي هوافضايي
alkali swelling                                          تورم قليايي
ant nest corrosion                       خوردگي لانه‌مورچه‌اي
bearing corrosion                              خوردگي ياتاقان
blister cracking                              ترك‌خوردگي تاولي
blistering                                                    تاول‌زدگي
calorising / calorizing                         آلومينيم‌پوشاني
cathodic disbondment                        وادادگي كاتدي
cathodic pickling                             قطعه‌شويي كاتدي
cavitation corrosion                          خوردگي كاواكي
cavitation erosion – corrosion               فرسايش‌ـ خوردگي كاواكي
cavitation erosion damage          آسيب فرسايشي ـ كاواكي
chelant corrosion                            خوردگي چنگاله‌اي
chloride-induced stress-corrosion cracking                    ترك‌خوردگي خوردگي‌ـ تنشي كلريدي
abbr. CISCC
CISCC → chloride-induced stress-corrosion cracking
cold cracking                                   ترك‌خوردگي سرد
cold stripping                                      روت‌سازي سرد
cold water pitting                            حفره‌زايي آب سرد
corrator → corrosometer
corrosion allowance                             خوردگي مجاز
corrosion control process         فرايند واپايش خوردگي
corrosion coupon                         قطعه‌آزمون خوردگي
corrosion current                               جريان خوردگي
corrosion damage                               آسيب خوردگي
corrosion effect                                       اثر خوردگي
corrosion index                                 شاخص خوردگي
corrosion-induced deformation   دگرشكلي خوردگي‌زاد
corrosion product                            محصول خوردگي
corrosion protection                      حفاظت از خوردگي
corrosion rate                                     آهنگ خوردگي
corrosion resistance                      مقاومت به خوردگي
corrosion system                                سامانة خوردگي
corrosion test                                      آزمون خوردگي
corrosometer                                         خوردگي‌سنج
syn. corrator
crazing                                                      تركچه‌زايي
crizzle                                                        ترك مويي
deposit attack → deposit corrosion
deposit corrosion                               خوردگي رسوبي
syn. deposit attack
deposition corrosion                          خوردگي نهشتي
derusting → rust removal
diphase cleaner                               تميزكنندة دوفازي
drilling fluid corrosion → drilling mud corrosion
drilling mud corrosion                 خوردگي گِل حفاري
syn. drilling fluid corrosion
early rusting                                    زنگ‌زدگي زودرس
electrocleaning                              تميزكاري برق‌كافتي
syn. electrolytic cleaning
electrolytic cleaning → electrocleaning
electrolytic derusting                   زنگ‌زدايي برق‌كافتي
embedded iron corrosion              خوردگي آهن‌نشين
environmental cracking             ترك‌خوردگي محيطي
erosion-corrosion                          فرسايش ـ خوردگي
erosive wear                                       رفتگي فرسايشي
face rusting                                  زنگ‌زدگي زيرپوششي
fatigue wear                                        رفتگي خستگي
ferric ion corrosion                خوردگي آهن سه‌ظرفيتي
fire and smoke corrosion         خوردگي آتشي ـ دودي
fireside deposit             رسوب آتش‌سو، رسوب سمت آتش
flash rusting                                       زنگ‌زدگي فوري
fretting → fretting wear
fretting fatigue                                خستگي اصطكاكي
fretting wear                                     رفتگي اصطكاكي
syn. fretting
fuel-ash corrosion                   خوردگي خاكسترسوختي
gas phase corrosion                         خوردگي فاز گازي
halide attack                                         حملة هاليدي
HIC → hydrogen stress cracking
high-temperature hydrogen attack                حملة هيدروژني دمابالا
hot cracking                                      ترك‌خوردگي داغ
hot stripping                                         روت‌سازي داغ
hot water pitting                              حفره‌زايي آب داغ
hydrogen-assisted stress cracking   → hydrogen stress cracking
hydrogen attack                                 حملة هيدروژني
hydrogen blistering                      تاول‌زدگي هيدروژني
hydrogen disease                              بيماري هيدروژني
hydrogen disintegration                فروپاشي هيدروژني
hydrogen-induced cracking   → hydrogen stress cracking
hydrogen stress cracking     ترك‌خوردگي تنشي‌هيدروژني
syn. hydrogen-induced cracking,HIC, hydrogen-assisted stress cracking
hydrogen test probe                   كاوند آزمون هيدروژني
IGSCC → intergranular stress- corrosion cracking
impingement attack                           حملة برخوردي
impingement corrosion                  خوردگي برخوردي
intergranular stress-corrosion cracking                            ترك‌خوردگي خوردگي ـ تنشي مرزدانه‌اي
abbr. IGSCC
ion erosion                                            فرسايش يوني
isocorrosion diagram                نمودار همسان‌خوردگي
KLA → knife-line attack
knife-line attack                          خوردگي شيارچاقويي
abbr. KLA
layer corrosion                                   خوردگي لايه‌اي
liquid-impingement erosion           فرسايش برخورد مايع
liquid-metal cracking                ترك‌خوردگي فلزمذاب
abbr. LMC
LMC → liquid-metal cracking
marine corrosion                               خوردگي دريايي
syn. seawater corrosion
mercury corrosion                            خوردگي جيوه‌اي
metal blister                                             تاول فلز   
metal dusting                                       پودرشدگي فلز
metal fatigue                                           خستگي فلز
metal ion deposition                         نهشت يون فلزي
mud cracking                              ترك‌خوردگي گِل‌گونه
nailhead rusting                          زنگ‌زدگي نوك‌ناخني
oil-ash corrosion                        خوردگي خاكسترنفتي
peening                                                     ساچمه‌باري
pickle → pickle liquor
pickle liquor                                       مايع قطعه‌شويي
syn. pickling solution, pickle
pickling                                                     قطعه‌شويي
pickling smut                                              لكه‌زدايي
pickling solution → pickle liquor
pinpoint rusting                            زنگ‌زدگي سرسوزني
precleaning                                          پيش‌تميزكاري
rebar corrosion                            خوردگي ميلگرد بتن
reducing-atmosphere corrosion     خوردگي جوّكاهشي
rerusting → rust-back                       خوردگي ـ روان‌شناسي
ringworm corrosion                      خوردگي زردزخمي
rust                                                                    زنگ
rust-back                                        زنگ‌زدگي بازگشتي
syn. rerusting
rust bloom                                                شروع زنگ
rust converter                                           مبدل زنگ
rust grade scale                                مقياس زنگ‌زدگي
rusting                                                       زنگ‌زدگي
rusting failure of coated steel    زنگ‌زدگي فولاد پوشش‌دار
rust-inhibitive wash                شستشوي بازدارندة زنگ
rust-preventive compound                تركيب ضدزنگ
syn. derusting
rust removal                                             زنگ‌زدايي
rust-resistant                                             زنگ‌مقاوم
SCC → stress-corrosion cracking
scraper                                                          كاردك
scratch rusting                                زنگ‌زدگي خراشي
season cracking                           ترك‌خوردگي موسمي
seawater corrosion → marine corrosion
segregation                                                جدانشيني
sensitisation / sensitization                  حساس‌شدگي
sheltered corrosion                            خوردگي مخفي
soil corrosion                                   خوردگي در خاك
solder bloom corrosion             خوردگي شكوفه‌لحيمي
stress - accelerated corrosion                         آزمون خوردگي شتاب‌يافتة تنشي
stress - corrosion cracking
abbr. SCC                          ترك‌خوردگي خوردگي ـ تنشي
stress-sorption cracking     ترك‌خوردگي جذبشي ـ تنشي
sulfide attack                                      حملة سولفيدي
sulfide stress cracking       ترك‌خوردگي تنشي‌سولفيدي
sulfidic corrosion                            خوردگي سولفيدي
ultrasonic cleaning                        تميزكاري فراصوتي
waterline attack                               خوردگي خط آب
waterside deposit             رسوب آب‌سو، رسوب سمت آب
weld decay                                            واپاشي جوش


روان‌شناسي


altruism                                                     نوع‌دوستي
anal-sadistic stage                   مرحلة مقعدي دگرآزارانه
analysand                                                  كاوش‌خواه
analysis of the transference                  تحليل انتقال
syn. transference analysis
analyst → psychoanalyst
analytic(al) psychology                 روان‌شناسي تحليلي
analytic couch                                     تخت روان‌كاوي
syn. couch
analytic rules                                      قواعد روان‌كاوي
applied psychoanalysis                  روان‌كاوي كاربردي
asceticism                                                رياضت‌طلبي
association                                                      تداعي
castration anxiety                               اضطراب اَختگي
syn. castration fear
castration complex                                 عقدة اَختگي
castration fear → castration anxiety
CFS → chronic fatigue syndrome
child analysis                                     روان‌كاوي كودك
chronic fatigue syndrome                   روان‌شناسي
abbr. CFS                                    نشانگان خستگي مزمن
classical psychoanalysis   → orthodox psychoanalysis
complex                                                          عقده
control analysis                              روان‌كاوي با نظارت
syn. supervised analysis, supervisory
analysis
conversion                                                      تبديل
conversion disorder                            اختلال تبديلي
couch → analytic couch
countertransference                               انتقال وارون
defense mechanism                             سازوكار دفاعي
denial                                                                انكار
denier                                                             انكارگر
depth psychology                           روان‌شناسي ژرفا‌نگر
depth therapy                                           ژرفادرماني
direct psychoanalysis                     روان‌كاوي مستقيم
displacement                                             جابه‌جايي
dualism                                                    دوگانه‌گرايي
ego                                                               آن‌من
ego-alien → ego-dystonic
ego analysis                                              آن‌من‌كاوي
egocentric                                                   خودمحور
egocentricity → egocentrism
egocentrism                                             خودمحوري
syn. egocentricity
ego defense mechanisms            سازوكارهاي دفاعي آن‌من
ego development                              شكل‌گيري آن‌من
syn. ego formation
ego-dystonic                                             آن‌من‌ناپذير
syn. ego-alien
ego formation → ego development
ego function                                           كاركرد آن‌من
ego-ideal                                                 آن‌من آرماني
syn. self-ideal
ego-psychology                              آن‌‌من ‌ـ‌ ‌روان‌‌شناسي
ego - syntonic                                            آن‌من‌پذير
Electra complex                                       عقدة الكترا
envy                                                                 رشك
eroticization / eroticization → sexualisation
erotisation / erotization                        شهواني‌سازي
externalization /externalization             بروني‌سازي
fatigue                                                          خستگي
free association                                         تداعي آزاد
graph → profile1
graph-chart → profile1
humour                                                     شوخ‌طبعي
id                                                                     فرومن
identification                                          همانندسازي
identification test                               آزمون شناسايي
identified patient                                     بيمار معلوم
syn. symptom bearer, symptom wearer
impulse                                                             تكانه
syn. impulsion
impulse control                                         مهار تكانه
impulsion → impulse
internalization / internalization            دروني‌سازي
introjection                                               درون‌فكني
isolation                                                      جداسازي
isolation of affect                               جداسازي عاطفه
jealousy                                                        حسادت
lay analysis                                   روان‌كاوي غيرپزشكي
lay analyst                                        روان‌كاو غيرپزشك
libidinisation / libidinization → sexualisation
libido                                                 زيست‌مايه، ليبيدو
literary psychoanalysis                    روان‌كاوي ادبيات
metapsychology                                   فراروان‌شناسي
monism                                                      يگانه‌گرايي
nativism                                                     ذات‌گرايي
nativist                                                           ذات‌گرا
Oedipus complex                                      عقدة اديپ
oral-sadistic phase                    مرحلة دهاني دگرآزارانه
orthodox psychoanalysis                  روان‌كاوي سنتي
syn. classical psychoanalysis
penis envy                                               رشك قضيب
phallic character                                منش نراندامه‌اي
phallic-narcissistic character                    شخصيت خوددوست نراندامه‌اي
syn. phallic-narcissistic personality
phallic-narcissistic personality   → phallic-narcissistic character
phallic personality                        شخصيت نراندامه‌اي
phallic symbol                                        نماد نراندامه
phallocentric                                            نراندامه‌مدار
phallocentrism                                      نراندامه‌مداري
phallus                                                           نراندامه
pregenital phase                             مرحلة پيش‌تناسلي
profile1                                                            نمودار
syn. graph-chart, graph
profile2                                                            نيمرخ
projection                                                  برون‌فكني
projective identification          همانندسازي برون‌فكنانه
psychoanalysis                                           روان‌كاوي
psychoanalyst                                               روان‌كاو
syn. analyst
psychoanalytic                                          روان‌كاوانه
psychoanalytic group psychotherapy                    گروه درماني روان‌كاوانه
psychoanalytic psychotherapy     روان‌درماني روان‌كاوانه
psychodynamics1                                        روان‌پويه
psychodynamics2                                روان‌پويه‌شناسي
reaction formation                                 واكنش‌سازي
regression                                                   واپس‌روي
regressive - reconstructive approach                   رويكرد بازساختي ‌ـ واپس‌رو
repression                                                   واپس‌زني
resistance                                                      مقاومت
self                                                                     خود
self-denial                                                  خودانكاري
self-ideal → ego-ideal
self-psychology                                خود‌ ـ روان‌شناسي
sexualisation / sexualization                  جنسي‌سازي
syn. eroticisation, libidinisation
sublimation                                                   والايش
substitution                                           جانشين‌سازي
superego                                                          فرامن
supervised analysis → control analysis
supervisory analysis → control analysis
suppression                                                  سركوب
suppressive therapy                        درمان سركوبگرانه
surface therapy                                    درمان سطحي
symbolisation / symbolization                          نمادسازي                
syn. symbolism
symbolism → symbolisation
symptom bearer → identified patient
symptom wearer → identified patient
transference                                                انتقال
transference analysis → analysis of the transference
transference neurosis                       روان‌نژندي انتقال
transference resistance                       مقاومت انتقالي                     
wild psychoanalysis                      روان‌كاوي ناسنجيده


رياضي


antipodal map                                   نگاشت هم‌قطري
antipodal points                                نقطه‌هاي هم‌قطر
syn. antipodes
antipodes → antipodal points
Baire category theorem                      قضية رستة بئر
bifolium                                                       دوبرگينه
bilinear form                                       صورت دوخطي
bilinear mapping                                نگاشت دوخطي
binary quadratic form         صورت درجة دوم دومتغيره
character theory                                  نظرية سرشتها
class equation                                        برابري رده‌اي
class number                                            عدد رده‌اي
co meager → residual set
conjugacy class                                      ردة مزدوجي
constructive proof                              برهان برساختي
constructivism                                    برساخت‌گرايي                                     
core                                                                   مغزه
differential form                             صورت ديفرانسيلي
dominated convergence theorem                             قضية همگرايي مغلوب
dominating series                                     سري غالب
equicontinuity                                         هم‌پيوستگي
equicontinuous family of functions                   خانوادة هم‌پيوستة تابعها
finitary proof                                   برهان متناهي‌مبنا
finite dimensional space                  فضاي متناهي‌‌بُعد
finitely generated group                  گروه متناهي‌مولد
finiteness theorems                           قضيه‌هاي تناهي
folium                                                             برگينه
syn. folium of Descartes, leaf of Descartes
folium of Descartes → folium
formalism                                                صورت‌گرايي
leaf of Descartes → folium
linearly dependent set                 مجموعة خطي‌وابسته
linearly independent set             مجموعة خطي‌مستقل
mathematical intuitionism            شهودگرايي رياضي
meager set → set of first category
metric                                                             سنجه
metric space                                        فضاي سنجه‌اي
metrizable space                               فضاي سنجه‌پذير
multilinear form                               صورت چندخطي
nongenerator                                               نامولد
nonmeager set  → set of second category
nowhere dense set                       مجموعة هيچ‌جاچگال
nullity                                                             پوچه
null matrix                                             ماتريس صفر
syn. zero matrix
null sequence                                            پوچ‌دنباله 
outcome                                                   برآمد                                                          
pedal curve                                                خم پادكي
pedal triangle                                         مثلث‌ پادكي
piecewise linear function                  تابع تكه‌اي‌خطي
piecewise smooth curve                     خم تكه‌اي‌هموار
Platonism                                              افلاطون‌گرايي
precompact set                              مجموعة پيشافشرده
quadratic form                                 صورت درجة دوم
relatively closed set                       مجموعة نسبي‌بسته
relatively compact set                  مجموعة نسبي‌‌فشرده
relatively open set                             مجموعة نسبي‌‌باز
relative topology                                 توپولوژي نسبي
representation                                               نمايش
residual set                                        مجموعة مانده‌اي
syn. co meager
resolvent set                                         مجموعة حلاّل
semi-bilinear form  → sesquilinear form
semilinear mapping                          نگاشت نيم‌خطي
semimetric                                                  نيم‌سنجه
semimetric space                             فضاي نيم‌سنجه‌اي
sesquilinear form                         صورت يك‌ونيم‌خطي
syn. semi-bilinear form
set of first category                          مجموعة رسته‌اول
syn. meager set
set of second category                     مجموعة رسته‌دوم
syn. nonmeager set
set-valued function → set valued map
set valued map                             نگاشت مجموعه‌مقدار
syn. set-valued function
skewed distribution                                 توزيع چوله
skewness of distribution                       چولگي توزيع
socle                                                                 بُن‌لاد
subjective probability                          احتمال ذهني
support                                                         تكيه‌گاه
transvection                                                    ترابُرد
transversal line                                        خط مورب
transversal of a subgroup                   تراگَرد زيرگروه
syn. traverse
traverse → transversal of a subgroup
winding number                                    عدد چرخش
zero matrix → null matrix


زمين‌شناسي


accessory pyrcolast                                آذرآوار فرعي
accidental pyroclast                            آذرآوار تصادفي
ash cone                                              مخروط خاكستر
ash fall                                                  ريزش خاكستر
ash field                                                ميدان خاكستر
ash flow                                                جريان خاكستر
ash shower                                            رگبار خاكستر
ash slate                                         سنگِ‌لوح آتشفشاني
ash stone                                                خاكسترسنگ
augen structure                                   ساختار چشمي
syn. eye structure
autoclast                                                    برجاآوار  
autoclastic                                                  برجاآواري
basal cleavage                                          رَخ قاعده‌اي
basaltic plateau                                      فلات بازالتي
block lava                                         گدازة قطعه‌سنگي
syn. blocky lava
blocky lava → block lava
calc-alkaline rocks                سنگهاي كلسيمي ـ قليايي
calcareous                                                       آهكي
calcareous algae                                 جلبكهاي آهكي
calcareous clay                                         رُس آهكي
calcareous crust                                     پوستة آهكي
syn. cale-crust
calcareous ooze                                        لجن آهكي
calcareous rock                                       سنگ آهكي
calcareous sandstone                        ماسه‌سنگ آهكي
calcareous soil                                         خاك آهكي
calcrete                                              سخت‌روية آهكي
cale - crust → calcareous crust
cinder                                                              اخگره
cinder cone                                          مخروط اخگري
collapse depression                              گودال رُمبشي
collapse sinkhole                            كارست‌چال رُمبشي
collapse structure                               ساختار رُمبشي
syn. gravity-collapse structure
cone sheet                                             ورقة مخروطي
crenulation cleavage                              رَخ كنگره‌اي
crenulation lineation                      خطوارگي كنگره‌اي
cryptic layering                                    لايه‌بندي نهان
current lineation                              خطوارگي جرياني
syn. parting-plane lineation
decussate texture                                  بافت ضربدري
deformation band                                 نوار دگرشكل
deformation twin                             دوقلوي دگرشكلي
syn. glide twin
deformation twinning                    دوقلويي دگرشكلي
ejecta                                                               پرتابه
ellipsoidal lava                                     گدازة بيضي‌وار
en echelon                                                      پلكاني
en echelon cracks                                تركهاي پلكاني
en echelon fault blocks           قطعه‌هاي گسلي ـ پلكاني
essential pyroclast                                  آذرآوار اصلي
eye structure → augen structure
felty texture                                              بافت نمدي
syn. pilotaxitic texture
ferricrete                                            سخت‌روية آهني
ferruginous rock                                   سنگ آهن‌دار
flaser structure                                 ساختار عدسي‌دار
syn. phacoidal structure
fossil karst → relict karst
glide twin → deformation twin
graphic texture                                    بافت نگاشتاري
gravity-collapse structure  → collapse structure
gypcrete / gypscrete                          سخت‌روية گچي
intersection lineation                       خطوارگي تقاطعي
isotropic fabric                                   بافتار همسانگرد
kink band                                                نوار شكنجي
lapilli                                               سنگريزة آتشفشاني
lava cave                                                  غار گدازه‌اي
lava column                                             ستون گدازه
lava dam                                                     سد گدازه
lava field                                                 ميدان گدازه
lava flow                                                 جريان گدازه
lava fountain                                            فوارة گدازه
lava lake                                                 درياچة گدازه
lava levee                                               خاكريز گدازه
lava plain                                                 دشت گدازه
lava plateau                                             فلات گدازه
lava rise                                                     خيز گدازه
lava shield                                                  سپر گدازه
lava toe                                                      زبانة گدازه
lava tube                                                    لولة گدازه
lava tube system                           شبكة لوله‌هاي گدازه
lava tunnel                                                تونل گدازه
lineament                                                      خطواره
lineated fabric                                         بافتار خطي
lineation                                                     خطوارگي
lithic clast                                              آذرآوار سنگي
lithoclast                                                     سنگ‌آوار
megacryst                                                    كلان‌بلور
megacrystic                                              كلان‌بلوري
metacryst                                               بلور دگرگوني
microcrystal                                                  ريزبلور
mountain of circumdenudation → relict mountain
ophitic texture                                   بافت پوست‌ماري
parting lineation                            خطوارگي جدايشي
parting-plane lineation → current lineationز
parting-step lineation           خطوارگي پله‌اي ـ جدايشي
pencil cleavage                                         رَخ مدادي
pencil structure                                   ساختار مدادي
phacoidal structure → flaser structure
phenocryst                                                 درشت‌بلور
pillow lava                                               گدازة بالشي
pilotaxitic texture → felty texture
pressure plateau                                    فلات فشاري
pressure solution cleavage              رَخ انحلال فشاري
relict                                                              بازمانده
relict glacier                                         يخسار بازمانده
relict karst                                           كارست بازمانده
syn. fossil karst
relict lake                                             درياچة بازمانده
relict mineral                                         كاني بازمانده
relict mountain                                       كوه بازمانده
syn. mountain of circumdenudation,
remainder mountain
relict soil                                                خاك بازمانده
relict texture                                          بافت بازمانده
remainder mountain  → relict mountain
salcrete                                               سخت‌روية نمكي
scoria                                                            سنگ پا
scoriacious                                                 سنگ‌پايي
scoria cone                                         مخروط سنگ پا
scoria mound                                           تل سنگ پا
shard                                                              تركش
slaty cleavage                                       رَخ سنگِ‌‌لوحي
solution cleavage                                     رَخ انحلالي
spaced cleavage                                      رَخ فاصله‌دار
subophitic texture                       بافت نيمه‌پوست‌ماري
tufa                                                             پوك‌سنگ
vesicle                                                               حفره
vesicular                                                       حفره‌‌دار
vesicular structure                            ساختار حفره‌دار
vitroclastic                                               شيشه‌آواري
volcanic block                              قطعه‌سنگ آتشفشاني


زيست‌شناسي شاخة علوم‌گياهي


Acantholimon                                       كلاه ميرحسن
acid-loving                                               اسيددوست
   syn. acidophilus, acidophilic
acidophilic → acid-loving
acidophilus / acidophilous → acid-loving
Actinidia                                                         كيوي
Actinidiaceae                                                كيويان
Adiantaceae                                            پرسياوشيان
Adiantum                                                   پرسياوش
Ailanthus                                                         عَرعَر
allopatric                                                        دگرجا
Alnus                                                               توسكا
Ananas                                                           آناناس
Antirrhinum                                             گُل‌ميموني
Apiales                                                     كرفس‌سانان
Apium                                                            كرفس
Aquifoliales                                              خاس‌سانان
Araucaria                                                  كاج مطبق
Arecales                                                     خرماسانان
Aristolochia                                                    زرآوند
Arum                                                       گُل ‌شيپوري
Asparagus                                                    مارچوبه
Avicennia                                                   حرّا، سينا
Avicenniaceae                                  حرّائيان، سينائيان
Berberis                                                         زرشك
Borago                                                          گاوزبان
Bougainvillea                                           گُل كاغذي
Brassica                                                             كلم
Buddleja                                                      دُم‌موشي
Butomus                                                        هزارني
Buxus                                                             شمشاد
Callitriche                                                  ستارة آبي
Calotropis                                                     استبرق
Calycanthus                                              گُل ‌شرابي
Camellia                                                           چاي
Campanula                                             گُل‌ استكاني
Campsis                                                      ‌پيچ اناري
Canna                                                               اختر
Cannabis                                                      شاهدانه
Capparis                                                            كَبَر
Carica                                                    خربزة درختي
Ceratophyllum                                        برگ ‌شاخي
Cercis                                                             ارغوان
chilling                                                        سرمادهي
Cichorium                                                     كاسني
Cistus                                                         گُل ‌آفتابي
Colchicum                                                گُل‌ حسرت
Commelina                                                برگ‌بيدي
Convulvulus                                                  پيچك
Daphne                                                         مازِريون
Dennstaedtiaceae                                سرخس‌عقابيان
Dianthus                                                        ميخك
Diclidantheraceae → Polygalaceae
Dodonaea                                                       ناتَرَك
dormancy breaking                                خواب‌شكني
Euonymus                                                 گوشواركي
Fabaceae                                                      باقلائيان
syn. Leguminosae                                      زيست‌شناسي
Fabales                                                       باقلاسانان
Gesneriaceae                          جِسنِريان، بنفشه‌افريقائيان
Gnetaceae                                                   گِنِتوميان
Gnetales                                                   گِنِتوم‌سانان
Gnetum                                                           گِنِتوم
Gramineae → Poaceae
Hedera                                                             عَشَقه
Ilex                                                                   خاس
Lawsonia                                                           حنا
Leguminosae → Fabaceae
Loganiaceae                                              دُم‌موشيان
Loranthaceae                                             موخوريان
Loranthus                                                      موخور
Lythraceae                                                   حنائيان
Magnolia                                                      ماگنوليا
Magnoliaceae                                          ماگنوليائيان
Magnoliales                                           ماگنولياسانان
Malva                                                             پنيرك
Malvaceae                                                   پنيركيان
Malvales                                                  پنيرك‌سانان
Maranta                                                          مارانتا
Marantaceae                                              مارانتائيان
Martyniaceae                                مارتينيان، شاخ‌بزيان
Mimosaceae                                                 كهوريان
syn. Mimosoidae
Mimosoidae → Mimosaceae
Molluginaceae                                           گِلي‌نازيان
Mollugo                                                          گِلي‌ناز
Monochoria                                                    غلافي
Morina                                                       خارعروس
Morinaceae                                             خارعروسيان
Moutabeaceae → Polygalaceae
Myrtaceae                                                    مورديان
Myrtus                                                              مورد
Najadaceae                                                   تيزكيان
Najas                                                               تيزك
Nelumbo                                                       ثعله‌‌باقلا
Nelumbonaceae                                      ثعله‌‌باقلائيان
Nerium                                                          خرزهره
Nyctaginaceae                                          گُل‌كاغذيان
Nymphaea                                                 نيلوفر آبي
Nymphaeaceae                                         نيلوفرآبيان
Nymphaeales                                       نيلوفرآبي‌سانان
Oenothera                                                 گُل مغربي
Oenotheraceae → Onagraceae
Olea                                                                 زيتون
Oleaceae                                                       زيتونيان
Onagraceae                                              گُل‌مغربيان
syn. Oenotheraceae                                 زيست‌شناسي
open pollinated                                    آزادگرده‌افشان
open pollination                                  آزادگرده‌افشاني
Opuntia                                                        كاكتوس
Orchidaceae                                                  ثعلبيان
Orchis                                                              ثعلب
Orobanchaceae                                       گُل‌جاليزيان
Orobanche                                                  گُل جاليز
Osmunda                                                  شاه‌سرخس
Osmundaceae                                       شاه‌سرخسيان
Osmundales                                      شاه‌سرخس‌سانان
Oxalidaceae                                          شبدرترشكيان
Oxalidales                                         شبدرترشك‌سانان
Oxalis                                                      شبدر ترشك
Paeonia                                                  گُل صدتوماني
Paeoniaceae                                         گُل‌صدتومانيان
Pandanaceae                                            پيچ‌كاجيان
Pandanales                                          پيچ‌كاجي‌سانان
Pandanus                                                   پيچ‌ كاجي
Papaver                                                          شقايق
Papaveraceae                                             شقايقيان
Passiflora                                                  گُل ساعتي
Passifloraceae                                          گُل‌ساعتيان
Pedaliaceae                                                 كنجديان
Phlox                                                           گُل آتشي
Phoenix                                                            خرما
Phytolacca                                             سرخاب كولي
Phytolaccaceae                                     سرخاب‌كوليان
Pinales                                                        كاج‌سانان
Piper                                                          فلفل سياه
Piperaceae                                             فلفل‌سياهيان
Piperales                                              فلفل‌سياه‌‌سانان
Pistacia                                                            پسته
Pittosporaceae                                    ميخك‌درختيان
Pittosporum                                         ميخك درختي
Plantaginaceae                                          بارهنگيان
Plantago                                                        بارهنگ
Platanaceae                                                  چناريان
Platanus                                                            چنار
Plumbaginaceae                                 كلاه‌ميرحسنيان
Poaceae                                                        گندميان
syn. Gramineae
Polemoniaceae                                          گُل‌آتشيان
Polygala                                                         شيرآور
Polygalaceae                                             شيرآوريان
syn. Diclidantheraceae, Moutabeaceae,
Xanthophyllaceae
Polygonaceae                                      علف‌هفت‌بنديان
Polygonum                                             علف ‌هفت‌بند
Pontederiaceae                           پونته‌دريائيان، غلافيان
Portulaca                                                         خرفه
Portulacaceae                                             خرفه‌ايان
Potamogeton                                                 گوشاب
Potamogetonaceae                                     گوشابيان
Primula                                                         پامچال
Primulaceae                                               پامچاليان
Proboscidea                                    مارتيني، شاخ‌ بزي
Prosopis                                                           كهور
Proteales                                                    چنارسانان
Pteridium                                             سرخس ‌عقابي
Punica                                                                 انار
Punicaceae                                                     اناريان
Pyrola                                                      برگ‌امرودي
Pyrolaceae                                              برگ‌امروديان
Rafflesia                                                          رافلزيا
Rafflesiaceae                                             رافلزيائيان
Ranunculaceae                                            آلاله‌ايان
Ranunculales                                             آلاله‌سانان
Ranunculus                                                      آلاله
Reseda                                                           اسپرك
Resedaceae                                                 اسپركيان
Rhamnaceae                                                 عنابيان
Rhizophora                                                         چندل
Rhizophoraceae                                       چندليان  
Rosa                                                             گُل ‌سرخ
Rosaceae                                                  گُل‌سرخيان
Rubia                                                              روناس
Rubiaceae                                                    روناسيان
Ruppia                                                           شورابي
Ruppiaceae                                                 شورابيان
Ruscaceae                                               كوله‌خاسيان
Ruscus                                                        كوله‌خاس
Ruta                                                                سُداب
Rutaceae                                                      سُدابيان
Saintpaulia                                          بنفشة ‌افريقايي
Salicaceae                                                      بيديان
Salix                                                                   بيد
Salvadora                                                      مسواك
Salvadoraceae                                            مسواكيان
Sambucus                                                        آقطي
Santalaceae                                                 صندليان
Santalum                                                        صندل
Sapindaceae                                                 ناتَرَكيان
Sapota                                                              چيكو
Sapotaceae                                                 چيكوئيان
Saxifragaceae                                          خاراشكنيان
Scrophulariaceae                                   گُل‌ميمونيان
self-pollinated                                      خودگرده‌افشان
self-pollination                                   خودگرده‌افشاني
Sesamum                                                         كنجد
Simaroubaceae                                            عَرعَريان
Smilacaceae                                                 اَزملَكيان
Smilax                                                             اَزملَك
Solanaceae                                                 بادنجانيان
Solanum                                                        بادنجان
source-sink                                      رابطة مبدأ ـ مقصد
Spinacia                                                         اسفناج
Sterculiaceae                                             كاكائوئيان
sympatric                                                        همجا
Tamaricaceae                                                 گزيان
Tamarix                                                              گز
Taxaceae                                                   سُرخداريان
Taxodiaceae                                              دارتالابيان
Taxodium                                                    دارتالاب
Taxus                                                            سرخدار
Theaceae                                                        چائيان
Thelypteridaceae                               سرخس‌باتلاقيان
Thelypteris                                          سرخس ‌باتلاقي
Theobroma                                                     كاكائو
Thymelaeaceae                                         مازِريونيان
Tilia                                                                  نمدار
Tiliaceae                                                      نمداريان
Trapa                                                      سه‌كنجه‌خيز
Trapaceae                                           سه‌كنجه‌خيزيان
Triticum                                                          گندم
Tropaeolaceae                                              لادنيان
Tropaeolum                                                     لادن
Typha                                                               لوئي
Typhaceae                                                      لوئيان
Ulmaceae                                                      نارونيان
Ulmus                                                              نارون
Urtica                                                                گزنه
Urticaceae                                                    گزنه‌ايان
Valeriana                                                 سنبل‌الطيب
Valerianaceae                                       سنبل‌الطيبيان
Verbena                                                       شاه‌پسند
Verbenaceae                                           شاه‌پسنديان
Vicia                                                               ماشك
Viola                                                                بنفشه
Violaceae                                                    بنفشه‌ايان
Viscaceae                                                  دارواشيان
Viscum                                                          دارواش
Vitaceae                                                       انگوريان
Vitales                                                        انگورسانان
Vitis                                                                  انگور
Xanthophyllaceae → Polygalaceae
Zannichellia                                    زانيشليا، يال ‌اسبي
Zannichelliaceae                       زانيشليائيان، يال‌اسبيان
Zingiber                                                     زنجبيل
Zingiberaceae                                            زنجبيليان
Ziziphus                                                           عناب
Zostera                                                            نواري
Zosteraceae                                                   نواريان
Zygophyllaceae                                            قيچيان
Zygophyllales                                             قيچ‌سانان
Zygophyllum                                                    قيچ


ژن‌شناسي و زيست‌فنّاوري


 


abiogenesis                                              نازيست‌زايي
addition mutation → insertion mutation
additive gene action                         ژن‌كنش افزايشي
agricultural biotechnology       زيست‌فنّاوري كشاورزي
alternate splicing → alternative splicing
alternative pre-messanger RNA splicing             پيرايشِ دگرسان پيش‌رِناپ
alternative RNA splicing → alternative splicing
alternative splice form              شكل ‌پيرايشي دگرسان
alternative splicing                            ‌پيرايش دگرسان
syn. alternative RNA splicing, alternate splicing
abbr. AS
analogous genes                               ژنهاي ناهم‌ساخت
anticoding strand                              رشتة پادرمزگذار
antisense RNA                                        رِناي پادمعنا
syn. aRNA, asRNA
antisense strand                                     رشتة پادمعنا
antitermination                                          پادپايانش
antitermination factor                       عامل پادپايانش
antitermination protein                 پروتئين پادپايانش
antiterminator                                            پادپايانگر
aRNA → antisense RNA
AS → alternative splicing
asRNA → antisense RNA
back mutation → reverse mutation
base sequence                                           توالي ‌بازي
behavioural genomics                  ژنگان‌شناسي رفتاري
bidirectional promoter                       پيش‌بَر دوسويه
bidirectional replication                همتاسازي دوسويه
bifunctional vector → shuttle vector
biogenesis                                                  زيست‌زايي
biolistics                                                    زيست‌باران
syn. particle gun technique, particle
acceleration technique
biomics                                                   زيگان‌شناسي
bionanotechnology                            زيست‌نانوفنّاوري
biotech → biotechnology
biotechnol → bitechnology                      ژن‌شناسي و زيست‌فنّاوري
biotechnology                                        زيست‌فنّاوري
syn. biotech, biotechnol
blue biotechnology                           زيست‌فنّاوري آبي
boundary element                                  عنصر مرزبند
canonical sequence                               توالي متعارف
carrier DNA                                             دِناي حامل
cDNA                                                                 دِنام
cellome                                                         ياختمان
cellomics                                              ياختمان‌شناسي
chaperone                                                  پروتئين‌يار
chimera /chimaera                                         آميژه
chimeric antibody                                پادتن آميژه‌اي
chimeric DNA                                       دِناي آميژه‌اي
chimeric promoter                               پيش‌بَر آميژه‌اي                            
chimeric proteins                         پروتئين‌هاي آميژه‌اي
chimerism                                                     آميژگي
chromatin insulator                             عايق فامينه‌اي
chromosomal rearrangement             نوآرايي فام‌تني
chromosome hopping → chromosome jumping
chromosome jumping                            پرش فام‌تني
syn. chromosome hopping
coding strand                                        رشتة رمزگذار
syn. non-transcribed strand
comparative genome analysis       ژنگان‌كاوي مقايسه‌اي
comparative genomics              ژنگان‌شناسي مقايسه‌اي
complementary DNA                              دِناي مكمل
syn. copy DNA
complementary RNA                              رِناي مكمل
computational genomics          ژنگان‌شناسي محاسباتي
consanguinity                                              هم‌خوني
consensus motif                                  بن‌ماية مشترك
consensus sequence                              توالي مشترك
conserved sequence box                       توالي‌بست‌ پايا
constitutive heterochromatin          دگرفامينة نهادي
copy DNA → complementary DNA
core promoter                                      پيش‌بَر مركزي
syn. promoter core
cRNA                                                                 رِنام
cybernome                                                 راياختمان
cybernomics                                      راياختمان‌شناسي
deletion                                                  وانهش، حذف
deletion editing                                   ويرايش وانهشي
deletion mapping                           نقشه‌نگاري وانهشي
deletion mutation                                 جهش وانهشي
deoxyribonuclease → DNase
differential splicing                            پيرايش افتراقي
DNA carrier                                               حامل دِنا
DNA - dependent DNA polymerase   → DNA polymerase
DNA-dependent RNA polymerase   → RNA polymerase
DNA nucleotidyl transferase → DNA polymerase
DNA polymerase                                       دِنابسپاراز
syn. DNA-dependent DNA polymerase,
DNA nucleotidyl transferase
DNA probe                                              كاوند دِنايي
DNAse → DNase
DNase                                                                دِناز
syn. deoxyribonuclease, DNAse
DNA sequence                                          توالي دِنا  
DNA sequencing                                    توالي‌يابي دِنا
DNA vector                                                  ناقل دِنا
elongation                                                طول‌افزايش
endonuclease                                           درون‌نوكلئاز
enhanceosome                                             افزا‌ي‌تن
enhancer                                                      افزايشگر
syn. strong positive element, SPE,
upstream activator sequence, UAS
enhancer element                                عنصر افزايشگر
enhancer mutation                             جهش‌ افزايشگر
enhancer sequence                               توالي افزايشگر
environmental biotechnology                     زيست‌فنّاوري زيست‌محيطي
epigenome                                                    وَراژنگان
epigenomics                                        وَراژنگان‌شناسي
euchromatin                                                هوفامينه
evolutionary genomics                            ژنگان‌شناسي تكاملي،‌ ژنگان‌شناسي فرگشتي
exo → exonuclease
exonuclease                                              برون‌نوكلئاز
abbr. exo                            ژن‌شناسي و زيست‌فنّاوري
expressed genome                               ژنگان بيان‌شده
expression genomics                       ژنگان‌شناسي بياني
facultative heterochromatin            دگرفامينة اختياري
functional genomics                  ژنگان‌شناسي كاركردي
gene action                                                   ژن‌كنش
gene activation                       كُنانش ژن، فعال‌سازي ژن
gene complex                                          همتافت ژني
gene conversion                                         تبديل ژن
gene disruption                                   گسيختگي ژني
gene flow                                                    جريان ژن
gene probe                                                 كاوند ژني
syn. genetic probe
gene silencing                                    خاموش‌سازي ژن
gene surgery → gene therapy
gene therapy                                              ژن‌درماني
syn. gene surgery
genetic burden → genetic load
genetic load                                                   بار ژني
syn. genetic burden
genetic marker                                نشانگر ژن‌شناختي
genetic probe → gene probe
genomics                                                 ژنگان‌شناسي
germinal mutation                                جهش زايشي
germ-line mutation                          جهش رگة ‌زايشي
green biotechnology                        زيست‌فنّاوري سبز
halfsib                                                              ناتني
halfsib mating                                          ناتني‌آميزي
heat-shock gene                                    ژن گرماشوك
heat-shock promoter                       پيش‌بَر گرماشوك
heterochromatin                                       دگرفامينه
heterochromatization                     دگرفامينه‌اي شدن
heterologous genes                           ژنهاي دگرساخت
heterozygote advantage → overdominance
homologous genes                              ژنهاي هم‌ساخت
hybrid promoter                                   پيش‌بَر دورگه
industrial biotechnology             زيست‌فنّاوري صنعتي
initiation                                                        آغازش
initiation codon                                       رمزة آغازش
syn. start codon, initiator codon
initiation factor                                      عامل آغازش
initiator box                                          بستك آغازگر
initiator codon → initiation codon
initiator 1                                                                                   آغازگر1
initiator  2                                                                                  آغازگر2
initiator element                                    عنصر آغازگر
syn. INR element, Inr
Inr → initiator element
INR element → initiator element
insertion                                                 درنهش، درج
insertion(al) mutation                        جهش درنهشي
syn. addition mutation
insertion sequence                                توالي درنهشي
insulator                                                           عايق
lagging strand                                           رشتة پيرو
leading strand                                         رشتة پيشرو
medical biotechnology                زيست‌فنّاوري پزشكي
microprojectile bombardment   → particle bombardment
minus strand                                            رشتة منفي
missense mutation                               جهش دگرمعنا
molecular chaperone                             پروتئين‌يار مولكولي                   
multifactorial trait                            صفت چندعاملي
mutational load                                         بار جهشي
non-coding DNA                                  دِناي نارمزگذار
non-coding strand                              رشتة نارمزگذار
syn. transcribed strand
nonsense mutation                                جهش بي‌معنا
non template strand                                رشتة ناالگو
non-transcribed strand → coding strand
nucleotide sequence                         توالي نوكلئوتيدي
ori → replication origin
origin → replication origin
origin of replication → replication origin
ori site → replication origin
orthologous genes                              ژنهاي اَرتاساخت
overdominance                                        بيش‌بارزيت
syn. heterozygote advantage
paralogous genes                                ژنهاي پراساخت
particle acceleration technique → biolistics
particle bombardment                                ذره‌باران
syn. microprojectile bombardment
particle gun technique → biolistics
phylogenomics                                   تبارژنگان‌شناسي
plus strand                                               رشتة مثبت
polymerase                                          بسپاراز، پليمراز
population genetics                        ژن‌شناسي جمعيت
post transcriptional RNA gene silencing   → RNA interference
promoter core → core promoter
REase → restriction endonuclease
recloning → subcloning
red biotechnology                           زيست‌فنّاوري قرمز
replication bubble                            حباب همتاسازي
replication eye                                   چشم همتاسازي
replication fork                              دوشاخة همتاسازي
replication origin                                مبدأ همتاسازي
syn. origin of replication, origin, ori site, ori
restriction endonuclease
abbr. REase                                      درون‌نوكلئاز ويژه‌بُر
syn. restriction nuclease
restriction enzyme                آنزيم ويژه‌بُر، زي‌ماية ويژه‌‌بُر
restriction nuclease → restriction endonuclease
reverse mutation                                 جهش برگشتي
syn. back mutation
reverse transcriptase                               وارونوشتاز
syn. RNA-dependent DNA polymerase, Rtase
reverse transcription                                وارونويسي
reversion                                                       برگشت
ribonuclease → RNase
RNA-dependent DNA polymerase   → reverse transcriptase
RNAi → RNA interference
RNA interference                                   تداخل رِنايي
abbr. RNAi
syn. RNA-mediated interference, post
transcriptional RNA gene silencing
RNA-mediated interference    → RNA interference
RNA polymerase                                       رِنابسپاراز
syn. DNA-dependent RNA polymerase
RNA probe                                               كاوند رِنايي
RNase                                                                 رِناز
syn. ribonuclease
RNA silencing                                          رِناخاموشي
RTase → reverse transcriptase
samesense mutation                             جهش هم‌معنا
syn. synonymous mutation
SD → segregation distorter
segregation                                                 واجدايش
segregation distorter                           دگرگردان واجدايش                   
abbr. SD
segregation distortion                   دگرگردي واجدايش
sense strand                                             رشتة بامعنا
shuttle vector                                     ناقل دوكاركردي
syn. bifunctional vector
sibship                                                        تني‌زادگي
silencer                                                        خاموشگر
silencer element                                  عنصر خاموشگر
silent mutation                                     جهش خاموش
syn. silent site mutation
silent site mutation → silent mutation
siRNA                                                             رِناتك
small inhibitory RNA                 رِناي بازدارندة كوچك
small interfering RNA                             رِناي تداخلگر كوچك               
somatic mutation                                    جهش بدني
SPE → enhancer
spontaneous generation                           زايش خود‌به‌خودي               
start codon → initiation codon
strong positive element → enhancer
structural genomics                   ژنگان‌شناسي ساختاري
subclone/sub-clone                                   زير‌همسانه
subcloning /sub-cloning                    زير‌همسانه‌سازي
syn. recloning
superdominance                                         اَبَربارزيت
synonymous mutation → samesense mutation
template strand                                         رشتة الگو
termination                                                   پايانش
terminator                                                      پايانگر
toxicogenomics                                  سم‌ژنگان‌شناسي
transcribed strand → non-coding strand
transcriptase                                            رونوشتاز  
transcript imaging  → transcriptome imaging
transcriptional enhancer                افزايشگر رونويسي
transcription initiation site              آغازگاه رونويسي
transcription unit                                واحد رونويسي
abbr. TU                     ژن‌شناسي ـ ژئوفيزيك
transcriptome                                           رونوشتگان
transcriptome imaging            تصويربرداري رونوشتگان
syn. transcript imaging
transcriptomics                               رونوشتگان‌شناسي
transcriptosome                                       رونوشت‌تن
transgenesis                                               تراژن‌زايي
transition                                                     هم‌گشت
transition(al) mutation                     جهش هم‌گشتي
translation initiation site                     آغازگاه ترجمه
transversion                                                 تراگشت
transversion mutation                       جهش تراگشتي
TU → transcription unit
UAS → enhancer
upstream activator sequence → enhancer
white biotechnology                       زيست‌فنّاوري سفيد


ژئوفيزيك


 abnormal magnetic variation   تغيير مغناطيسي نابهنجار
absolute-gravity instrument          سنج‌افزار گراني مطلق
absolute magnetometer               مغناطيس‌سنج مطلق
acceleration of free fall                    شتاب سقوط آزاد
acceleration of gravity                           شتاب گراني
age of diurnal inequality                سن نابرابري روزانه
age of diurnal tide                             سن كِشَند روزانه
apparent gravity                                   گراني ظاهري
borehole geophysics                    ژئوفيزيك درون‌چاهي
borehole imaging                     تصويربرداري درون‌چاهي
Bouguer anomaly                              بي‌هنجاري بوگه
Bouguer gravity anomaly         بي‌هنجاري گراني بوگه
broadside spread                               گسترش هامشي
clinometer                                                  شيب‌سنج
cogeoid                                                      همازمينوار
constant of gravitation → gravitational constant
daily variation → diurnal variations
density log                                               نگارة چگالي
direct arrival                                        رسيد مستقيم
direct wave                                             موج مستقيم
diurnal age                                                سن روزانه
diurnal variations                                تغييرات روزانه
syn. daily variation
drift of gravimeter → gravimeter drift
dynamic height correction      تصحيح ارتفاع ديناميكي
earthquake intensity                          شدت زمين‌لرزه
Earths gravity field                     ميدان گراني زمين
Earth tide                                                كِشَند زمين
Earth-tide correction                    تصحيح كِشَند زمين
Eötvös correction                                تصحيح اتووش
syn. Eötvös effect
Eötvös effect → Eötvös correction
Eötvös unit                                              يكاي اتووش
gama-gama log                                   نگارة گاماـ گاما
gravimeter drift                                   رانة گراني‌سنج
syn. gravity-meter drift, drift of gravimeter
gravitational constant                            ثابت گرانش
syn. constant of gravitation
gravitational field → gravity field
gravity anomaly                               بي‌هنجاري گراني
gravity field                                           ميدان گراني
syn. gravitational field
gravity-meter drift → gravimeter drift
half-width                                                      نيم‌پهنا
height anomaly                                 بي‌هنجاري ارتفاع
Hercules stone → lodestone
inclinometer                                                مِيل‌سنج
IRM → isothermal remanent magnetization
isostatic adjustment                        تعديل هم‌ايستايي
isostatic anomaly                       بي‌هنجاري هم‌ايستايي
isostatic compensation                    جبران هم‌ايستايي
isostatic correction                         تصحيح هم‌ايستايي
isothermal remanent magnetization
abbr. IRM                                      مانده‌مغناطش هم‌دما
leading stone → lodestone
loadstone → lodestone
lodestone                                             آهنرباي طبيعي
syn. Hercules stone, leading stone, loadstone
magnetic anomaly                      بي‌هنجاري مغناطيسي
magnetic azimuth                             سمت مغناطيسي
magnetic basement                       پي‌سنگ مغناطيسي
magnetic deviation                         انحراف مغناطيسي
meizoseismal area                               پهنة شديد‌لرزه
paleoseismology                              ديرينه‌زلزله‌شناسي
quasi-geoid                                               شبه‌زمينوار
relative gravity                                       گراني نسبي
relative - gravity instrument      سنج‌افزار گراني نسبي
reversed magnetic field  → reversed polarity
reversed polarity                                  قطبايي وارون
syn. reversed magnetic field
seismotectonics                                   لرزه‌زمين‌ساخت
strong ground motion                 جنبش نيرومند زمين
tectonomagnetism                       زمين‌ساخت‌مغناطيس
tectonophysics                                 زمين‌ساخت‌فيزيك
tectonosphere                                      زمين‌ساخت‌كره
telluroid                                                       زمينسان
tidal correction                                     تصحيح كِشَند


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